burn incense

It is often seen in the scriptures that offerings are made with burning incense. Incense burning refers to burning various incense in front of statues of Buddhas, bodhisattvas and ancestors, and does not necessarily refer to a specific type of incense.

Book 8 of the Maha Nikkei records that burning incense is the meaning of spreading to the Dharma realm, such as when the king of the tree in heaven opens the dressing, the fragrance naturally spreads with the adverse wind and the downwind, and just as merit is burned by the fire of wisdom, liberated by the wind, and can smoke everything.

In the second volume of the Chang Ahan, the “Procession Sutra”, it is recorded that the lay people raised the hall for Rulai, cleaned the premises, and sprinkled and burned incense. It is also recorded in the lower volume of the Amitayus Sutra that the practitioner should hang paintings, burn lamps, and scatter flowers and burn incense, so as to return to the world of bliss.

Burning incense is also an important offering of esotericism, which is combined with yanga, incense, flower beard, lamp, and diet into six kinds of offerings. In the Zen forest, burning incense is called incense, or incense. Those who carry incense boxes during the Festival are called incense burning attendants.

Apply incense

Applying incense, also known as painting incense and painting incense, is to paint the body with incense to eliminate the meaning of odor or irritation. In order to eliminate the odor on the body, Indians use incense such as sandalwood to pound into powder, mix it with water, and apply it to the body. However, in the Buddhist system, it is stipulated that monks and shami, etc., should not wear incense or wear incense beards, and should use vows and meditation to cleanse their minds of dirt instead of the incense used by secular people.

In the Susidhi Karma Sutra, incense, huaman, incense, food, and lamps are used as the five offerings to the Buddha-figures. The incense represents purity, symbolizing that it can remove the dirt of bodhichitta and the troubles of life and death.

Therefore, if we offer incense to the Buddhas and bodhisattvas, we can obtain great merit and offer incense to the Buddhas, lotus, and Vajra, depending on the difference between the Buddha, the lotus, and the Vajra. When making offerings, they should be made with incense seals and recited mantras.

and Hexiang

Hehe incense refers to incense made from the blending of various spices, especially in esoteric offerings. Commonly known as the five kinds of incense. According to the Susidi Sutra and the Qu Feng Tan Tar Luo Sutra, the spices used to apply incense and the spices used to burn incense are collectively called Hehe incense; And the incense shall not contain affectionate identities (flesh), filthy things, or unscented things.

Those who are one pill with all kinds of incense are called Hehe Pills, and they are often used as metaphors for the immeasurable Dharma in one law. According to the volume of the Shouleng Yan Samadhi Sutra, the Buddha said to the Bodhisattva Jianyi in the mountains of the city of Wangshe, saying that the bodhisattva lived in the Shouleng Yan Samadhi, and the world received six paramitas, and the mind was all the Dharma, and the practice was the Dharma, and the metaphor of the Hehe Pill: If a hundred kinds of spices are pounded into powder, if someone wants to ask for one of them, and does not want the rest of the incense to be mixed together, it is impossible. Just like a bodhisattva who practices his body and mind with all the paramitas, he can always give birth to six paramitas in his thoughts.

Loose fragrance

Loose incense refers to scattered incense, that is, loose incense that does not form into pellets. In tantra, in contrast to the maruki incense, which symbolizes the troubles of the assembly, the loose incense represents the subtle troubles by scattering, and when the practice is performed, it is thrown into a stove and burned for nourishment. There are also three kinds of offerings, such as cut flowers, pill incense, and loose incense, which symbolize greed, blindness, and delusion among the three poisons. In addition, offering incense as an offering also represents the righteousness of perfecting the six degrees of paramita.

Thread incense

Thread incense is made of incense wood powder paste made of slender as thread-like incense, which can be burned for a long time, and is also used as fairy incense and longevity incense. Or use incense alone, or burn it by adding incense powder to the thread. According to volume 14 of the “Compendium of Expanded Materia Medica”, “Thread Incense Sticks”, the materials of thread incense are mostly made of Baizhi, Chuanxiong, Duhuo, cypress and the like, with elm skin noodles as paste and agent, and chirping into incense. India has had the method of burning incense since ancient times, but the name of wire incense is not found among the incense drugs on the Susiddhi Sutra and the incense products and articles under the scroll, and as for China, it is no longer known when it originated.


Sperm (Brahma curna, Tibetan phye-ma) refers to powdered incense. It is also used as incense and incense. It is mainly used for scattering in ashrams or pagodas and temples. It is different from burning incense and applying incense. For example, in the Lotus Sutra (Devadattata), it is said: “Offering the Seven Treasures Pagoda with incense (Zhongliao). Book 5 of the Victory King Prajnaparamita Sutra: “Burn priceless incense, coat it with mud, and scatter the last incense.” In addition, according to the “Treatise on Great Wisdom” quoted in the second volume of the True Buddha Compilation, dry incense should be burned, wet incense should be smeared on the ground, and the last incense and hua should be scattered. In addition, the Book 62 of the Mahabhara Sutra (Asura King’s Gifts) lists sandalwood incense, euchar incense, Shenshui incense, tama varatsuma, and ashura incense.

Fragrant soup

Fragrant soup refers to the aromatic soup, that is, the soup made by mixing various kinds of aroma. Mostly used to wash the body. In the volume of the “Crown Prince Rui Ying Ben Qi Sutra”, it is said: “The four heavenly kings took over the gold machine and bathed the prince’s body with heavenly fragrance soup.” ”

The Merit Sutra says: “If you bathe the image, you should use bull’s head sandalwood, white sandalwood, red sandalwood, Shen water, lavender, tulip, dipterocarp, zero land, and lotus equal to pure stone, grind into incense mud, use it as perfume, and put it in a purifier.” In a clean place, use good soil as an altar, square or round, at any time of size, a bath bed on top, a statue of the Buddha in Zhong’an, poured with fragrant soup, cleansing and washing. ”

In ancient times, on the birthday of the eight Buddhas in April, the Buddha statue was poured with fragrant soup, which is based on what was said. Also known as fragrant soup in Zen Buddhism, it is made by decocting tangerine peel, poria, earth bone skin, cinnamon, angelica, citrus valley, licorice and other medicines, also known as seven-spice soup.

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