1. West Lake Longjing Tea (Green Tea)
Longjing green tea has its own thick history, as well as special processing methods and regional flavors, both the high-quality and high-priced West Lake Longjing in the thousand-year-old origin area, and the affordable and people-friendly Zhejiang Longjing outside the West Lake, making it the most famous green tea at present. Longjing tea from an area other than West Lake, called Zhejiang Longjing, is different from the quality of authentic West Lake Longjing. Longjing tea is divided into three production areas according to the production area: West Lake, Qiantang and Yuezhou, and the West Lake production area is the core production area, which is divided into primary and secondary production areas. The first-class production area is the core of the core, mainly distributed in the West Lake scenic area Shifeng, Longjing, Yunqi, Tiger Running, Meijiawu, that is, everyone often hears “lion, dragon, cloud, tiger, plum”. The secondary production areas are distributed in the Longwu and Zhuantang areas of West Lake District. The secondary production areas are distributed in the Longwu and Zhuantang areas of West Lake District.
Schematic map of Longjing tea production area
In the early Republic of China, on the basis of the inheritance of successive dynasties, Longjing tea was divided into four names of “lion, dragon, cloud and tiger” according to the origin and quality, and began to form the basic pattern of Longjing tea category, and registered trademarks respectively.
After the founding of New China, Longjing tea in the Meijiawu area, which originally belonged to the “cloud” brand, entered a period of rapid development, so it began to list the “Mei” brand name separately.
Since then, the five characters of “lion, dragon, cloud, tiger, and plum” Longjing tea have been produced, and they have also been divided into several specific production areas according to this name, which have been inherited to this day.
For West Lake Longjing, tea plants such as Longjing group species, Longjing 43, Longjing long leaves, etc. are all tea plants suitable for processing Longjing tea.
The Longjing group species is the oldest variety of West Lake Longjing, which is known locally as the “old variety” or “old tree Longjing”, and is currently considered to be of the best quality.
It is characterized by late germination, and if the weather is a little colder, it may be picked after dawn, and the yield is very small.
The propagation of tea plants used to be sexual reproduction, that is, camellia pollination fruit, falling into the soil, or artificially planted with tea fruits. It’s like a child born to a parent, with the genes of the parents, but also with its own unique appearance and body.
Group species are like this, a tea garden is sexually reproduced, each tea plant looks the same, in fact, there are some differences in internal quality.
This also forms the unique quality of tea in this production area, which cannot be replicated elsewhere even if the same process is used.
Longjing 43 and Longjing Long Leaf are excellent varieties selected from group species by the Tea Department of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, and have the characteristics of earlier germination time, neat bud head, cold resistance, disease and pest resistance.
Among them, Longjing 43 is also the most common and high-yield variety of Longjing tea cultivation in West Lake.
When buying West Lake Longjing, you can take a special look at the introduction and pay attention to whether it is a variety suitable for making Longjing tea.
Through the vicissitudes of the sea, the cultural inheritance of successive dynasties, many good things have disappeared before we can see them. And everything that has been passed down to this day and can still be rejuvenated must have a deep heritage and is not too beautiful, and West Lake Longjing is one of them.
2. Sizhai high mountain tea (green tea, black tea)
Produced in the foothills of the East Bai Mountain, it was known as “the famous Zhuji Shijiling tea of Yue Production” during the Song Dynasty. Its tea has a beautiful green appearance, pure fragrance, tender green and bright soup color, and delicate and tender leaf base. Dongbai Mountain is located at the junction of Zhuji, Shengzhou and Dongyang cities, at the southern end of the Huiji Mountain Range of the Xianxialing Mountain System, and the main peak Taibaijian is 1194.6 meters above sea level, which is the highest peak in Zhejiang. According to legend, the great poet of the Tang Dynasty, Li Bai, once climbed this mountain, so it is also known as “Taibai Mountain”. On the seventh day of the seventh month of the lunar calendar, local villagers have the custom of “watching the clouds”; The terrain of the foothills of Dongbai Mountain is complex, the microclimate environment is diverse, and the species of animals and plants are rich, including the first-class protected wild plant southern yew, and the second-class protected wild plants fragrant beech tree, fragrant fruit tree and seven-seed flower; In addition, there is a unique alpine wetland ecological landscape in the foothills of the East White Mountains, and alpine tea trees are one of its characteristics.
The Sizhai ancient residential complex is hidden in the west of the Huiji Mountain Range, the foothills of the East Bai Mountain, and the shore of the East White Lake, surrounded by mountains, rich in products and simple folk customs. The typical houses here are the ancient cultural relics protection unit Hua Guogong Villa (Yongyi Tea House— the earliest industrial site of Zhuji) and the Thousand Pillar House, which is the ancestral hall of the ancient Zhuji surname, and the Thousand Pillar House was built by Si Yuanru, the richest man and benevolent in ancient Zhuji; It is composed of eight courtyards, with ten large patios and thirty-six small patios, with a width of 124 meters and a depth of 60 meters, with a total of 121 rooms and more than 1,200 pillars, so it is called “House of Thousand Pillars”.
Every year in the spring season, Sizhai residents go up the mountain to dig bamboo shoots and pick new tea.
Alpine green tea, grown at an altitude of more than 1,000 meters above sea level, is full of wind and frost and rain, and the young buds are fresh and gratifying.
After the new tea is withered, kneaded, fermented and dried, it can be made into alpine black tea.
Pure natural, no pesticides, no chemical fertilizers, no preservatives, flavoring and other food additives, Sizhai Takayama tea, special taste.
3. Drink tea, don’t be too strong!
China is the homeland of tea, and Chinese drinking tea is said to have started in the Shennong era, let alone more than 4,700 years. Drinking a few cups of tea properly every day is longevity tea and anti-cancer tea, but if you drink it in the wrong way, it may become disease-causing tea and life-threatening tea. A cup of strong tea is harmless, this wrong way to drink, many people have (especially the elderly), drinking tea may be half a cup of tea, always feel that this is enough taste.
From the sensory point of view, strong tea basically has a common feature, the taste is too bitter, that is, the color is very strong and a little turbid feeling, and when the tea is cold, a layer of tea oil will float on it.
Healthy adults drink about 12 grams of tea a day, 3 grams each time, brewed with 150 ml of water is suitable, if it greatly exceeds this amount, it is strong tea.
In addition to strong tea, there are moldy tea, skewer tea, long-brewed tea, over-boiled tea, raw tea, and burnt tea. Strong tea destroys gums, stomach, bones, sleep, and also affects kidneys, blood vessels, nutrition and medicinal effects.
Strong tea destroys the kidneys
Strong tea contains high fluoride, causing “tea fluorosis”.
Almost everyone has a concept that strong tea hangs alcohol, but in fact, drinking strong tea after drinking is equivalent to “making things worse” and “adding fuel to the fire”. Because there is theophylline in tea, which has a diuretic effect. After drinking a lot, alcohol will enter the kidneys with the tea before it has time to decompose, causing damage to the kidneys.
Tea also contains substances that form stones, and people who often drink strong tea should pay attention to whether they have kidney stones.
Stronghold destroys blood vessels
The blood vessels of the elderly are fragile, and light green tea is conducive to the treatment of hypertension, but strong tea can cause brain excitement, restlessness, insomnia, palpitations and other discomforts, thereby increasing blood pressure.
In addition, the stimulating effect of caffeine will promote fast heartbeat, accelerated blood flow, and accelerated breathing, which can easily lead to irregular heartbeat or tachycardia, resulting in palpitation symptoms, which is very unfavorable to patients with coronary heart disease with tachycardia, premature beats and atrial fibrillation.
Drinking strong tea will increase blood volume, and to a certain extent, it will also increase the burden on the heart and heart failure symptoms. These are sometimes very fatal for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular patients.
Strong tea destroys nutrition
Strong tea also contains a lot of tannic acid, which will hinder the body’s absorption of iron, manifested as iron deficiency anemia, and can also combine with protein and vitamin B1 in food, resulting in constipation. Nutrition experts have found that excessive tea consumption can increase urine output and cause the loss of important nutrients such as magnesium and potassium.
Strong tea destroys medicinal effects
The tannin and theophylline in tea are also easy to undergo chemical changes with hypnosis, sedation and other drugs and iron-containing blood tonics, enzyme preparations and other drugs, it is generally believed that tea should not be drunk within 2 hours of taking the drug.
Eight types of people must not drink strong tea
Drinking tea should be light and not strong, the following 8 types of people must not drink strong tea, wrong drinking hurt or even die:
Gastric ulcer / arrhythmia / hyperthyroidism / glaucoma / gout / kidney stones, constipation / depression / menstruation, pregnancy, childbirth, lactating women!
4. Light tea and health.
In modern society, the absorption, rejection and immunity of the human body have become more and more inseparable from the help of drugs, and the regional mutation evolution of microorganisms such as bacteria and viruses is becoming more and more obvious, and their resistance or resistance is becoming stronger and stronger. Drink fresh, warm tea in a timely and appropriate amount for health care, simple and easy, no toxic side effects of Chinese or Western drugs: can sterilize and sterilize, can supplement vitamins, can supplement…; It can prevent inflammation caused by abnormal oral microflora such as periodontitis pain, and prevent long-term recurrent inflammation caused by abnormal bacteria and toxins caused by incomplete dietary nutrition such as mouth ulcers
, can delay arteriosclerosis, can prevent cancer, especially, weak tea can
Anti-aging, the black tea old man Sigenkun uncle of the origin of Sizhai alpine tea, nearly 100 years old, is still alive, self-caregiving, clear thinking, talkative and optimistic!