1. Medicines

Drugs refer to substances used to prevent, treat and diagnose human diseases, purposefully regulate human physiological functions, and stipulate indications, main treatment, usage and dosage.

2. Chinese medicine tablets

It refers to the processing of Chinese medicinal materials and Chinese medicinal materials that can be directly used in preparation or preparation under the guidance of Chinese medicine theory.

3. Toxic drugs

It refers to drugs that are highly toxic, the treatment amount is similar to the poisoning agent, and improper use will cause poisoning or death.

There are 27 varieties of toxic traditional Chinese medicine management. According to the regulations of the Ministry of Health, they are: arsenic (red arsenic, white arsenic), arsenic, mercury, raw horse money, raw chuanwu, raw grass wu, raw white aconite, raw aconite, raw banxia, raw south star, raw croton, cantharid, green lady, red lady, raw gansui, raw wolf poison, garcinia, raw thousand gold, raw heavenly fairy, noisy sheep flower, snow artemisia, red pink, white dandan, toad crisp, light powder, male yellow, and goldenrod.

4. Medical devices

instruments, equipment, appliances, materials or other articles used alone or in combination with the human body, including required software; Its use is intended to achieve the following intended purposes: The state implements a product production registration system for medical devices. The validity period is 4 years. As:

Disposable infusion sets (disposable sterile)

National Food and Drug Supervision Equipment (quasi) word 2006 No. 3661059

5. Disinfect products

Disinfection products include disinfectants, disinfection instruments, hygiene products, and single-use medical supplies. Disinfection products are not drugs, and their outer packaging, instructions, and labels should not appear or imply a therapeutic effect on the disease.


Alcohol (ethanol skin disinfectant) (Jiwei Disinfection Certificate (2004) No. 0134)

84 Disinfectant (Type II.) (Wei Huizi (1999) No. 0004)

6. Health food

Foods with specific health functions or for the purpose of supplementing vitamins and minerals. That is, food that is suitable for specific groups of people, has the function of regulating the body, does not aim to treat diseases, and does not produce any acute, subacute or chronic harm to the human body.

Cordyceps amino acid oral liquid

v Yue Wei Shijian Certificate [2003] No. 5281A00198

7. Cosmetics

It refers to daily chemical industrial products that are spread on any part of the human surface (skin, hair, nails, lips, etc.) by rubbing, spraying or other similar methods to achieve the purpose of cleaning, eliminating bad odors, skin care, beauty and grooming. For example:

Qiao Xini Whitening Hydrating Cleanser


8. Cosmetics for special purposes

It refers to cosmetics used for hair growth, hair coloring, perm, hair removal, breast beauty, bodybuilding, deodorization, freckle removal, and sun protection.

Cosmetic labels, small packages or instructions shall not indicate indications, do not advertise efficacy, and do not use medical terms.

Man Show Ledunte Soft Lip Balm (Makeup Special Word (2002) No. 0075)

Didou Acne Quick Consumption (Skin Strengthening Combination) (Min Wei Makeup Word (2003) No. 0003)

9. The difference between drugs and health products

The most fundamental difference between health food and medicine is that health food has no exact therapeutic effect, cannot be used to treat diseases, but only has health care functions, and cannot promote therapeutic effects.

We must have a clear understanding of the use of illegal advertisements for exaggerated publicity of some health foods, claiming to be “curing all diseases”, so as not to be deceived by advertisements to delay normal treatment and aggravate the disease.

10. The particularity of drugs

Peculiarities of the drug itself:

(1) Exclusivity —- symptomatic treatment, what kind of medicine to use for what disease, special goods

(2) Dual —- disease prevention and treatment, adverse reactions

(3) The importance of quality—- qualified drugs that meet the statutory quality standards can ensure the efficacy.

(4) Time-limited —– first reserve, medicine and other diseases, can not be sick and other medicines, expiration date, rather scrapped to reserve.

11. The particularity of drug management methods

The mode of drug consumption is passive consumption, and consumers have little choice in terms of variety and quality, so the government must implement special management and implement a licensing system for the production, operation and use of drugs.

12. The particularity of drug business

Price cannot be used to regulate its demand

13. The duality of medicines

Therapeutic effect

Treatment of causes: eliminate the primary causative factors and completely cure the disease.

Symptomatic treatment: improve the symptoms of the disease, and the treatment of the cause is complementary to the symptomatic treatment, and should not be abandoned.

Adverse reactions

It is mainly to guide the normal use and dosage of drugs that have no related to the purpose of medication or unexpected harmful reactions. The state implements an adverse reaction reporting system.

It does not include reactions caused by unintentional or intentional overdosing and reactions caused by improper administration.

Types of adverse drug reactions:

(1) side effects; (2) toxic effects; (3) sequelae effects; (4) allergic reactions; (5) secondary reactions; (6) Specific reactions; (7) drug dependence; (8) Carcinogenic; (9) mutagenic; (10) Teratogenic effect.

What are the serious adverse reactions?

Serious adverse drug reactions are guidelines for one of the following situations:

death due to taking medicines;

Carcinogenesis or teratogenicity caused by taking drugs;

Damage vital vital organs, threatening life or incapacitating life due to taking drugs;

hospitalization due to physical damage caused by taking medications;

Prolonged hospitalization due to adverse drug reactions.

14. The name of the drug

Drug name is the primary content of drug quality standards, and drug naming is also a basic work in the standardization of drug management. At present, there are three types of common drug names: generic names, trade names (trade names), and chemical names.

(1) Generic name: The generic name adopted by the national pharmacopoeia or drug standards is the legal name. Generic names cannot be used for trademark registration.

(2) Trade name: The product name, also known as the trademark name, refers to the special trade name of the drug used by a specific enterprise approved by the state drug administration department.

The generic name can help identify the drug and avoid duplication

A trademark name is a registered drug name through registration, and is commonly ® used

(3) Nomenclature according to the chemical structure of the drug

15. Regulatory classification of drug circulation and use

prescription and over-the-counter drugs;

internal versus external medications;

Narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances, toxic drugs for medical use, radioactive drugs and other special management drugs.

16. Dosage form and specifications of drugs

(1) The dosage form of the drug is the application form of the drug, and the dosage form of the drug is closely related to its efficacy.

(2) The same drug and different dosage forms can lead to different speeds, intensities and duration of drug action, and drug side effects and toxic effects are also different.

(3) The classification methods of drug dosage forms are: classification by form; Classification by decentralized system; Classified by route of administration.

17. Quality standards and approval numbers of drugs

Quality standards are the basis for the production, inspection, supply and use of drugs. National drug standards include pharmacopoeias, ministerial standards and national drug standards (bureau-issued standards) after the rise of local standards.

The drug approval number refers to the document number of the drug produced by the state-approved pharmaceutical production enterprise, which is a symbol of the legality of drug production. Drugs produced without obtaining an approval number are treated as counterfeit drugs.

Drug approval number format

Sinopharm Quasi-Word + 1 letter + 8 digits.

Chemicals use the letter “H”

Traditional Chinese medicine uses the letter “Z”

Health supplements use the letter “B”

Biologics use the letter “S”

In vitro chemical diagnostic reagents use the letter “T”

Pharmaceutical excipients use the letter “F”

The letter “J” is used for imported dispensed drugs.

18. Grading of fever

37.5-37.9 is low-grade fever;

38-38.9 is medium heat;

39-39.9 is high fever;

40 or more is ultra-high fever.

19. Symbol identification of prescription orders

T.I.D. – three times a day

B.I.D. – Twice a day


Q.I.D – four times a day

p.c – after meals

a.c – before meals

a.m – morning

p.m. – afternoon

Q.D – Every day

Q.H – per hour

Q.M – every morning

Q.N – nightly

20. Classification of drugs that are easy to cross-taste

Oral: Rendan, Huo Xiang Zhengqi Water, Huo Xiang Zhengqi Liquid, Huo Xiang Zhengqi Capsules, Ten Drops of Water, Musk Baoxin Pills, Quick-acting Heart Saving Pills, Bile Shu Capsules, Stomach Pain Whole Intestinal Pills, Zhenglu Pills.

Topical ointments: skin disease and tranquility ointment, with guifeng ointment, dog skin ointment, bone friend spirit ointment, joint pain relief ointment, blood relieving ointment, chili pepper rheumatic ointment, wound wet pain relief ointment, wound wet pain ointment, burn ointment, Shaolin bonesetting rheumatic ointment, musk bonesetting rheumatic ointment, musk joint pain ointment, musk pain relief ointment, musk bone ointment, musk rheumatic ointment, tianhe bone pain ointment, tianhe wind chasing ointment, tianqi analgesic ointment, tongluo pain removal ointment, waist and kidney ointment, Yizheng pain relief ointment, strong bone musk pain relief ointment.

Topical liniment: wind oil essence, axe standard repellent oil, safflower oil, Manulife activating oil, strong lion oil, cooling oil, ruyi oil, musk rheumatic oil, lion safflower oil, soothing oil.

Topical tinctures: compound hibiscus skin tincture, bone kang king (bone pain spirit tincture), dermatitis ning tincture, earth hibiscus skin tincture, analgesic pain relief tincture, skin yin clean, jier yin.

The above is the health knowledge shared today, and if you think it is useful, you can click the red follow in the upper right corner.

I am a Fujian TCM, your praise and attention is the greatest encouragement to me!

20 basic common sense of medication, learn that you are also half a pharmacist, collect long knowledge


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