“One riding a red concubine laughed, and no one knew that it was lychee.” At present, it is the time when the litchi is listed. The sweet and refreshing lychee becomes a coolness of people in summer. Data show that there are about 200 lychee varieties of lychee. The more common ones are cinnamon, concubine laugh, white sugar poppy, lychee king, etc., let’s take a look.

March Red

Because it is mature in late March in the lunar calendar, March Red is a kind of precocious variety and a common variety in litchi. The main production area is the Xinhui, Zhongshan, Zengcheng and other places in Guangdong. The red epidermis in March is thicker, light red, and the cracks are different in size. The arrangement is irregular, and the suture line is not obvious; the litchi meat is yellow and white, large in nuclear, and sweet taste. Consumers are welcome.


White wax is also a medium -maturing variety. It was launched in March and was launched in June. The planting period of white wax lychee is relatively long, and the results are generally planted for three years. The skin turtle cracks are blunt, with some sharpness, and the peel is thin and soft. Its flesh is white waxy, and the taste is crispy and sweet.

Lychee king

Litchi king is a variety produced in Hainan. Just as its name, the litchi king is much larger than the ordinary lychee, and the single fruit can reach 50 grams. The fruit matured in mid -to -late July, the peel was red, the flesh was white and crystal, and the entrance was melted.

Nuclear lychee

Nuclear lychee is a variety of artificially cultivated in the later period. It has a small nuclear or fruit nucleus. It is planted in Hainan, and the taste is crispy and sweet. It is more than ordinary litchi meat, juice, and higher sweetness.

Concubine laughed

“One riding a red concubine laughed, no one knows that it is lychee.” This poem says that the concubine laughs litchi, which is large, thick, beautiful, small in nuclear, and sweet. The main producing areas are in Guangdong, Guangxi and other regions. This variety is one of the high -quality varieties of precocious precocious, and it is mature in June and July.


Cinnamon lychee is the most common variety in the usual market. It is named after osmanthus flavor, also known as Guizhi and green. Guiwei is produced in Maoming, Guangdong. Guiwei lychee fruit is good quality, fine and crispy and sweet.

Glutinous rice

The glutinous rice cricket has the beauty of “the king of lychee” in Guangdong, and it matures in June and July. The biggest feature of the lychee of this variety is “sweet”, there are many sugar, the sweetness is extremely high, and the taste is soft and smooth. The fruit shape is eccentric, and the epidermis color is bright red.

Sugar poppy

White sugar poppy is also a kind of litchi varieties with high sweetness, also known as bee sugar and Chinese red. The origin is Gaizhou, Dianbai and other places in Maoming City, Guangdong Province. It has a cultivation history of more than 1,300 years. This variety of flesh is crispy and sweet, and it is the superior product in litchi.

Hanging green

Hanging green lychee can be described as “Hermes” in lychee. At a fruit auction in Guangzhou in 2002, a hanging green had shot 550,000 yuan in sky -high price, setting the Guinness World Record with the most expensive fruit. The origin of greening is an increase in cities in Guangdong Province. This kind of lychee is red and purple when mature, and a green line is straight to the end. Its flesh is tender, crispy, and sweet, and the flesh can achieve gel without spilling.

Black leaf

Black leaves lychee is a widely planted ancient local variety in the subtropical coasts of Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, and Taiwan. It is named after the thick green of the leaf color, also known as leaf branches and black leaves. The epidermis of this litchi is dark red. Generally, it is mature in mid -June in March and is more resistant to storage. The flesh of the black leaf litchi is solid and crispy, sweet and juicy.


Huaizhi, also known as dense leaves, phoenix flowers, ancient phoenixes, Huaizhi, locust branches, is one of the delayed varieties in litchi, mature in early July. It is said that in ancient times, Shangshu passed through Lingnan, holding the litchi sent by the folks into his arms, and named it “Huaizhi”. The variety of litchi has good drought resistance and is generally planted in mountains and water. Its skin turtle cracks are large, fleshy, and tastes sweet and sour.

Crystal ball

Crystal ball litchi is a rare high -quality litchi variety in Guangzhou, which is generally mature from late June to early July. This variety is famous for its flesh crystal and white, resembling crystal balls. In Chen Ding’s “Litchi”, there are records: crystal balls “white flowers, white shells, white, and nuclear, and berry like blood, sweet, fragrant lungs”.

Beijing News reporter Liu Huan

Editor Zhu Fenglan School Division Surgery

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