Song Huaiyin’s Xia Map

In the Tang Dynasty, sitting on the ground was gradually replaced by sitting. By Song, the use of chairs is more common, and there are more categories. During this period, the habit of sitting in the couch still maintained for a long time. Tang Baiyi “Xiaotai”: “The new tree is as low as a account, and the small Tai is like a palm. Six -foot white vine bed, one stem green bamboo stick”. There is a six -foot white vine bed, which can be moved flexibly, so that people can sit and lie, and they are very leisurely.

宋代折背样、禅椅、玫瑰椅,从宋到明通过扶手看椅子的演变

Lu You “Xiyuan”: “Short couch water pattern, Xu Zai Shan’s character screen. It also needs to be new moon night, and the wind is exposed to Qingming.”

Han Xizai Night Banquet

宋代折背样、禅椅、玫瑰椅,从宋到明通过扶手看椅子的演变

Ni Zan statue

宋代折背样、禅椅、玫瑰椅,从宋到明通过扶手看椅子的演变

Whether “Han Xizai Night Banquet” The Palace of Taipei Palace “Ni Yanxiang” is not difficult to see that the role of the couch is like today’s sofa, which is a relatively important sitting tool. Sit on the couch, and there is an important supporter: hidden a few. At this time, the position of the hidden position is on the side of the body, and after a little bit, it is the same as the Hidden position of the Song Dynasty “The Map of the Vimor”.

宋代折背样、禅椅、玫瑰椅,从宋到明通过扶手看椅子的演变

With the prevalence of high tables and chairs, in order to be comfortable and convenient, tables and chairs have gradually become the main lifestyle. There are many types of chairs. The back and handrails of the chair have a good replacement of the role of hidden support.

The Tang Dynasty Li Kuangwen’s “Time Collection”: “Inherited the bed. Near the rope bed, both relying on the balance, saying” folding back “. Noble people’s creativity. Cover the supreme gift of the seat, although they are in private, they dare not proud of their bodies, and they are in respect.

宋代折背样、禅椅、玫瑰椅,从宋到明通过扶手看椅子的演变

In some handed down Song paintings, you can see this flat chair above, which is the “folding sample” recorded in the “Time Collection”.

Song Luo Han Tu

In the Song of the Song Dynasty, Luo Han wore a cleaner bottle in his hand and sat on the chair. The handrails in the chair, the legs and feet and the handrail are square, the chair plate is wide and square, and there is a cloud -oriented tooth plate under the chair. There are double puppets in the pedal, the middle of the rings is inlaid, the door is opened, and the light is more than three.

宋代折背样、禅椅、玫瑰椅,从宋到明通过扶手看椅子的演变

The basic form of folding samples is like “Luo Han Tu”.

Song Eighteen Bachelor Pictures Local

Seeing in the Song of the Eighteenth Bachelor of Songs, with a complete pedal.

There are also painted in the Song of the Eighteenth Bachelor of Songs. Not only are the pedals and the chair main body connected, but the pedal also has a column to extend the armrest forward.

The folding samples of these three forms frequently appeared in the elegant collection of celebrities, and they are deeply loved by all sectors of the upper levels. The trend is still maintained until the beginning of the Ming Dynasty.

The Song Dynasty folded back, and the simple and smooth prototypes of bright furniture -shaped furniture -shaped furniture were easy to move. You could sit on your feet and sit down. With the use of hardwood and the addition of more literary design, in the Ming Dynasty, the folding samples gradually improved and improved, and it became a large -scale south official hat chair that was not in the early head of brains and armrests: Zen chair.

Zen bed and Zen chair

“Luban Sutra Mirror” Zen chair:

宋代折背样、禅椅、玫瑰椅,从宋到明通过扶手看椅子的演变

One foot, six inches and three -pointers, a size of eight inches and dignity, one foot nine inches and five points deep. The upper screen is two -foot tall, two -foot two inches long, the column is one inch three -pointers, the screen is seven inches, the lower seven inches and five points, the bamboo shoots are three inches, and the head of the head is four inches and three -pointers. One foot is six inches long, one foot is three inches larger, and the length is like this.

Huanghuali Zen chair

宋代折背样、禅椅、玫瑰椅,从宋到明通过扶手看椅子的演变

Huanghuali Zen chair size: 75.3 cm long; 75 cm wide; 84.5 cm high. The chair is very large, with a wide and depth difference of only three millimeters. Under the chair, Anluo Pot is short, and the bottom is rushed to the bottom.

Compared with the folding back of the handrail, the armrests and brains of the Zen chair are not in their heads, and the position of the handrail is slightly reduced. The size and proportion of the Zen chair are very coordinated, and each component has its own duties, and the explanation is crisp and neat. In terms of details, in order to be beautiful and easy to connect, the legs and footsteps under the chair, the pots of the pot, and the tube of the tube are made of the inner side of the outer circle. The details are in place, and the line ratio is well -proportioned. It is the essence of Ming -style furniture.

宋代折背样、禅椅、玫瑰椅,从宋到明通过扶手看椅子的演变

Zen chair is wide, proportional, simple in shape, smooth lines, and beautiful lines and space.

With the changes in the room, there is a small south official hat chair more and more popular. That is the rose chair similar to the shape of the Zen chair.

Huanghuali rose chair

Regarding the origin of the name of the rose chair, Wang Shixiang’s “Research on Ming -style Furniture” p. 46:

Rose chairs, Jiangsu and Zhejiang are called “text chairs”, referring to the back of the back and armrests, the height of the two is not much different, and a chair vertically with the chair plate. The word “rose” may be wrong, and the name of the name is yet to be examined. “Yangzhou Painting” talks about “devil chair”. I wonder if this chair? In terms of its shape, it is directly inherited by the Song Dynasty.

宋代折背样、禅椅、玫瑰椅,从宋到明通过扶手看椅子的演变

Rose chair is a small one of various chairs. The material is single, the shape is light and beautiful, and it is mostly made of Huanghuali. From the perspective of the number of lives, it is undoubtedly a form of popularity in the Ming Dynasty. In the Ming and Qing dynasties, you can see that the rose chair is often placed on both sides of the table, and it is set on the opposite side; or the table is not used, and the double side is tied; Due to its short back, in a modern room with glass windows, it is advisable to place the window sill without blocking sight. But it is also because its back is not high, and the back of the brain, the back of the person who is sitting, is uncomfortable when leaning on it. This is its main regret.

Twelve beauty pictures of the candle of the candle of the candle

Huanghuali rose chair restoration picture

Among the twelve beauties of Yongzheng in the Qing Dynasty, the beauty chair sitting under the candle sewing was completely reduced by the reduction of the above -case Zen chair. First of all, the size is narrowed, and then the backplane is increased in the backplane. There is a connected help stick under the handrail. There are almost the same settings of Luo Pot and Pipe 枨 枨. The only difference is that the feet on both sides are added to the tooth plate.

宋代折背样、禅椅、玫瑰椅,从宋到明通过扶手看椅子的演变

Through the comparison of the Song Dynasty folding back, Zen chairs, and rose chairs, we can see the similarities and differences between the three:

First, Song Two’s back -shaped, Zen chair is huge, and the rose chairs are significantly reduced.

Second, Song Folding Back Sample, Zen chairs are fine. Back armrests are vertically intersecting the chair plate. The rose chair retains it and becomes the characteristic of such chairs. After the rose chair is narrowed, it can still see the origin with Song Zhe.

Third, Song’s back -like backrails are flat on three sides, the armrests of the Zen chair have decreased slightly, and the backbone of the rose chair increased, and the gap with the armrest room continued to increase.

宋代折背样、禅椅、玫瑰椅,从宋到明通过扶手看椅子的演变

Fourth, Song Zhe’s back -shaped samples, Zen chairs are empty within the back armrest, without decoration. The rose chair was on the back of the back of the back, and it fell on the horizontal scoop of the old. The handrail is also An Heng and Dwarf. The rose chair is extremely carved, try to decorate the small -body chair as more exquisite and gorgeous.

In short, from the perspective of the development of ancient furniture, the Zen chair happened to be between the large chairs of the backbone and handrails popular in the Song Dynasty and the rose chair popular in the Ming Dynasty. Zen chairs make us more clearly see the evolution process of traditional furniture from Song to Ming. In addition to artistic value, it has its important historical value.

Song Eighteen Bachelor Pictures Local

Huanghuali Zen chair

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