In ancient China, the folding fan seemed to be the standard for talented women and literati. A fan was held in their hands, shaking, or walking on the shore of the water village of Jiangnan, or strolling on the pine trail of the bamboo forest, the fan fan, the rising and falling for thousands of years, and the general affairs of the family. Freeness and interest.
Fan originally originated from China, and its history can be recovered to the Yaoshun period. There is such a record in “Said the Words”: “萐, 萐, Ruicao also, Yao was born in the kitchen, and it was cold and cool.” Made into a fan to drive the summer.
(The costume woman of the group fan)
However, the fan in ancient Chinese history is a fan. At the time of the Sui and Tang dynasties, the group fan, as the product of Chinese civilization, has swept through the entire East Asian countries, and the Japanese also rushed to the Chinese group fan.
Japan is a small pellet country. It has neither towering towering mountains, no magnificent river, nor the endless vast grassland and vast desert. Therefore, the Japanese nation’s pursuit of slender and small aesthetic taste has formed a delicate and pure “little beauty” concept.
As a result, after getting the group fan, the Japanese, based on the national understanding and aesthetic views, folded and reduced the group fan to achieve the purpose of opening and closing and carrying conveniently. And folding fan in the sleeve.
Around the Northern Song Dynasty, after the improved folding fan, he came to China for the first time.
“Song History” records the gift list of the Song Ting in Japan in 19988, including “Twenty Fan Fan and Two Bat Fan”.
The so -called “fan fan” is a fan made of fan bones, and the “bat fan” is named because of the paper folding fan, which is named after the bat. Su Zhe once wrote a poem “Fan comes from Japan, the wind is not Japanese style.” Therefore, the folding fan was first called the fan.
(Ancient and folding fan)
In ancient Japan, the folding fan was also the notepad carried by the court officials. You can record some daily affairs, or report materials for the time. Its role is equivalent to the “puppet board” used by ancient Chinese officials.
During this period, the Japanese nobles, whether they were at the height of the temple or the distance from the rivers and lakes, holding a folding fan without exception.
At this time, the folding fan is no longer limited to the role of driving the summer, but it has become a symbol of the identity and status of the Gongqing nobles.
To this day, a small folding fan has become a symbol of Japan like Japanese cherry blossoms and wooden crickets. It highlights the colorful cultural connotation of Japan, and has formed a unique Japanese folding fan culture.
First of all, the Japanese often use the folding fan as a prop to sacrifice the gods.
It is well known that the Japanese advocate the gods. They believe in “all things are spiritual”, and believe that everything in the world is as small as birds, beasts, fish insects, flowers and trees, and the mountains and rivers, the sun, the moon, and the stars are all life, and they should be awe and respect.
(Japanese fan dance)
At the same time, the Japanese believe that the death of one life marks the same life as another life. Therefore, in the sacrifice activities, they will all hold a ritual to wake up the gods, and they generally summon the gods by hand.
After the folding fan appears, this method of palm is gradually replaced by the form of the folding fan. Because the open folding fan resembles the open palm.
In some Japanese sacrifice dances, actors usually hold a folding fan as props to summon the gods.
In addition to the use of folding fans during the sacrifice activities, the Japanese also regarded folding fan as a holy relic for daily blessings.
For example, at the ceremony of the new house, the owner will put the folding fan on the beam to ask the gods to come and bless the family. In the “Fire Festival”, people will burn the folding fan to dispel evil. At the full moon of the newborn baby, parents will pray the gods with folding fan, hoping that their children will be safe and happy. When the major festivals come, children will also go to the shrine to worship with a folding fan to ask for happiness in their lives.
(Japanese samurai with a fan)
Secondly, folding fan is also a prop.
In Japan, folding fan is widely used in social etiquette and has become a etiquette culture.
For example, when sending cash to others, the open fan will be placed on the cash and the fan heads towards the other party. Because in the eyes of the Japanese, the open fan of the folding fan is wide, which means “the end is wide”, which means that the other party has a wide future in the future.
In addition, the Japanese also given the fan as a gift to others. When men and women admire each other, they will send each other’s exquisite folding fan. When the New Year comes, the elders will give the folding fan as a new year gift to the juniors. When the elderly celebrate the birthday, they will give guests folding fan and so on.
When wearing kimonos, the Japanese must carry a folding fan with them. When meeting with guests, the folding fan is generally obsessed with the right hand. After the guests are sitting, the Japanese will put the folding fan in front of their knees to show respect. When returning to the guests, some Japanese also put the fan flat on their chests, expressing their respect for the guests. In the Japanese tea ceremony culture, the folding fan will be placed among the two, representing a screen, reminding guests not to cross the “screen” to pick up tea.
(Reference materials: “Song History”, “Japanese Culture in Fan Fan”, etc.)