Magical story and cruel reality

“童年”的诞生:从《木偶奇遇记》看儿童观念的变迁

I have seen the audience of “Juvenile Fantasy Drift”, and they will be shocked by the beautiful pictures and cruel endings in the film. I sent a zoo, because of the turmoil, they decided to sell all animals to Canada, where to start new life. Unfortunately, there was a storm in the Whered Hai, and the family was killed, and there was only one hyenophone left on the life-saving boat, a horn of zebra, an orangutan and a bengal tiger. In the initial three days, the hyena bitterd the orangutan, eating zebra, tiger killing the hyena, leaving only a boy man and tiger. They all want to kill each other, but they can’t win, in order to survive can only choose to rely on each other. After 227 days in the sea, the factions and tigers finally defeated the dilemma and won the rebirth.

If the story is here, then it is nothing to have in harmony with many other adventures, and will not get so much praise. At the end of the film, the teenager sent another story version: After the ship, there was no animal on the life boat, the survivors were four people: he, his mother, chef, and broken sailors. The chef killed the broken sailor, took his body into a bait, and then killed the mother, and finally an angry party hand killed the chef. If you don’t want to face the truth of killing or even eating people, you can only split a tiger, it has become the fantasy drifting we have seen. Such an ending is tragic, but it is closer to the truth of the story.

“童年”的诞生:从《木偶奇遇记》看儿童观念的变迁

“Children” in the 19th century

After many years, I read “Pupu II”, and my heart has a feeling similar to watching “the fantasy drifting” of the young man. Is there a fairy happening in Piocao? The grasshopper, fox, cat, and evil dog will also be intentionally written into animals to relieve childhood sorrow and intend to write into animals?

“Wooden Couple” is the work of Italian writer Corlodi in the 1980s, which tells a strange experience of the puppet Pinoche. The old man Jaypeto carved a piece of wood that smiled into a puppet, named Pinocchi, and sent him to school. Pioca does not love to learn, lazy and greed, experienced a fox and cat deception, encounter a fairy, was treated as a watchdog, encountered a vast thing, to “toy”, etc. After a lot of things, gradually grow into a brave Standard, hardworking and friendly children.

Cartoon “Pupu Qiku”

“童年”的诞生:从《木偶奇遇记》看儿童观念的变迁

This gorgeous and magical story is like a beautiful castle standing by the river, perhaps the reflection of swaying in the water is more realistic. French children’s history research scholar De Moss pointed out: “The history of childhood is like a nightmare we just woke up, the more retrospective, the lower the child’s level, the more children can be killed, abandoned, and Intimidation and sexual abuse. “The work written by the author will not completely disconne with his era,” Pupu “,” Pupu “, the wonderful story of Minsonochao, perhaps a real childhood in a 19th-century European boy. Based on this understanding, we can do another interpretation from this story.

“童年”的诞生:从《木偶奇遇记》看儿童观念的变迁

In the history of psychology, childhood is not coherent, but there is a process of development. Until the 1950s, “Children” concept is found that “Pupu” is reflecting the child’s concept. Piochet is a puppet that is carved by his father Jerto, is not a real child, nor is it admitted by adults. Pinoc Cao dreams become a real child, he wants to listen to adults, study hard, until the end of the story, when he is hard to make money, the blue-headed fairy admits that he has become a real child. Jiepeto and fairy are relatively indifferent to children’s concept. They think that children need to do what they can do, study or serious work well, in other aspects, the difference between adults and children is not large. At this time, children are not a special stage of life, more like adults who have not been teacher, like adults in the sins, like the puppets in the book, do not listen to his father’s bad, lazy, arrogance, and picky. Instead, the book is more willing to emphasize that parents are paying, dedication, forgiveness, considerate.

19th century British school teacher corporal punishment student

The book acts as a parent role, and the fairy are rarely communicated with children. If Pioca makes a mistake or a disaster, Jerpeto and fairy mother do not ask what’s the specific passage, but based on your judgment. Punishment. Once, Pinocchio was deceived by the bad classmates. They laughed at him, bullying him, and hit him. escape. When the police arrived, he only saw that Piocao was around the child who was dizzy, he would take him away, and the Pinoc Cao is not easy to escape the fairy home. The fairy did not carefully asked the Novo Cao’s walnuts, but let the snail be opened to him, but also used the material that could not eat into food. After the infusion of Pinoca, he was forgived him. This may reflect the relationship between parents and children at that time, most of which are unidirectional judgments, lack of communication and communication.

Child labor to children

For ordinary children, childhood can enjoy the education of the school, such a history is not far away. With the advancement of the industrial revolution, a large number of social underlying children has become a cheap labor, and the small age will bear heavy labor and the fight. In the late 19th century, the living conditions of European ordinary people have changed significantly, and school education has gradually become the main content of children’s lives. When the family of Pinoche, the beginning of the story, when his father was grouped in the prison, Piocao couldn’t find a funeral at home. Finally, the three pears brought home from my father. . But Pinocchi’s father still insists that Penile Cao sent to school to receive education, and even universally sold their own clothes to exchange literacy textbooks. This reflects the transformation of the atmosphere, at this time, people may be aware of educating their children, and their children may have better work and returns, which will be more beneficial when supporting the old parents. Let the child accept school education to become a common understanding, and the growth in the poor family can have the opportunity to learn.

However, in some areas, child labor is still more common. For example, the “hardworking bee country” in the story, the people encountered by Piocao warned him to “earn bread”, and very habitually used equal amount of labor to exchange items, they refuse to provide free food to Piochao and Water, so in their ideas, children rely on labor to exchange property should be something. In the story, Penile Cao, who did not want to go to school, started his adventure after selling the literacy, and returned to school, although the results were excellent, but they did not resist the temptation of the companion to invite him to “toy”.子. At the end of the story, Pinocchi received remuneration through hard work, and he assumed the work of supporting his father. We may wish to speculate, “Piocchio” in reality may have given up academic business because of greed, but eventually find a job, becoming a hard worker.

child labor

“童年”的诞生:从《木偶奇遇记》看儿童观念的变迁

Stupid police

“童年”的诞生:从《木偶奇遇记》看儿童观念的变迁

On the other hand, today we often teach children to trust the police. It is difficult to find uncle to wear uniform. The police in “Pupu” is not a charity role. They have a violent and stupid. At the beginning of the story, the police in the town were sentenced to the case and sent innocent Piocao father to prison. Then, Piocao was defrauded by a gold coin by a cat and a fox, but he was passed by the police confused in prison in the “foolish country”. Later, the classmates of Pioca and the class fought, and the police did not ask him to take him away. Such a police image can also be seen in the work of “fog orphan” in the same time, and it is not difficult to see the police development of Europe at the time.

In the second half of the 18th century, European police developments have experienced the transformation from non-professional to specialization. Due to the increase in the population of population in Europe, the poor difference is expanded, and the stability of society is urgently needed, which makes the development of police tributes are very urgent. In the process of police development, the person who was in the early days of urban public security, the status was lower, and the status was low, and it was generally suspected that their ability to serve, and there was no trust in the police. “Wooden Couple Impact” is the expression of this social phenomenon. The police in the book handles all kinds of disputes. Things to do include not only the children, including the stealing fraud, they manage their subjective judgment Public security, any use of power, lack of constraints. When Piocao was taken away by the police, he lied to the hat and want to take the opportunity to escape. The police released the evil dog to bite him. Although the authenticity of this situation is debatable, it is also largely reflected that the police’s public security means of the police is not standardized. Accordingly, the police have been described as violent, stupid, distinguished, unclear, which is probably the true impression of the police in the hearts of the people.

Russian police at the end of the 19th century

Fairy tale story “progress”

At the beginning of the 19th century, Green Brothers collected a large number of folk fairy tale, myth, legend, and compiled “Greenman”. Most stories inside are not their original, more like folk common memories. The initial version contains a lot of stories that seem to be not suitable for children to watch today, but this is the characteristics of early fairy tales: relying on violence, intimidation to memory conveyors. After the baptism of enlightenment, the rational ideology spread, children’s literature also ushered in the dawn of development, the most likely the child’s fairy tale of Andersen’s creation, and they are known as the “World Children’s Literature”. Andersen has a poor bumpy childhood, and he is self-inferior and sensitive. He is very clear about how the childhood will bring a significant impact on life. He understands the hardships and hearts of children’s growth. Andersen with firm beliefs contributed all his energy to children’s literature creation, hoping that these wonderful stories accompany their children’s growth, giving them courage and bright. The fairy tale of “ugly ducks”, “The little girl” selling matches “” Thumb girl “is not only more suitable for children to read, but also bear the role of teaching, giving the children’s minds.

Andersen sculpture in Copenhagen

“Pupu” is a step by step on the basis of Andersen. Pinochers it is a small puppet that is growing. The parents want to teach the child’s truth: children should be obedient, hardworking, “ear to bread”, study hard, know how to repay, honest … Even the cricket that is only killed by Pinocchio, I have never forgotten after death Xiangling told him: “Children who don’t listen to parents are not good results.” At this time, fairy tale will not rely on violence and intimidation to constrain the child’s behavior, and no longer use Wang Zi’s master, but replace it into a general Children, he has no beautiful, status, or a prominent family, like other normal children. Such settings let the children feel the same, it is easy to read, because of this, “Pupu” is a unique position in the history of fairy tale.

“Wooden Couple” is a fairy tale written in the late 19th century. The wonderful story of puppet Pinovo is likely to be a 19th-century European little boy real childhood reflection: heavy labor, parents, stupid police … These childhood distress, the society they face, in today, many ways look unfamiliar, but the growing troubles, the inner confusion is so similar. The history of the wheel never stops. I hope that there is a puppet that lying on the nose and will be pure, and it is still loyal to yourself.

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