The mountaineering related knowledge is broad and profound, so I will sort out the relevant mountaineering knowledge I have learned so far, so that I can quickly browse and share it with my fellow mountaineering friends and communicate together. If there is any error, please advise.

1. Thermal hat necessity!

The head is a place with a high density of microvascular vessels throughout the body, and it is also a place where heat energy is easily dissipated, so the warmth of the head, especially in the mountains, is very important. If you have a cold in your head, you are more likely to cause altitude sickness, so remember to put on your fur hat to keep warm when you return to camp or travel in an open area.

The thermal hat must cover three key points – the temples on both sides and the back of the head – to achieve the effect.

If the hat does not have a windproof effect, it can be assisted by a raincoat or the hood of the outer trench coat.

Fur hats are often used in a static state, such as taking a break or staying overnight at night, because the body produces less heat energy and is less susceptible to wind chills.

2. The importance of sun protection hats!

Ultraviolet rays are stronger in the mountains than on flat ground, and sun protection is a must.

Depending on individual needs, disc caps or caps can be selected.

There are three wavelengths of ultraviolet rays, namely short wave (the most harmful and easily absorbed by the ozone layer), medium wave (the most carcinogenic, injuring the epidermis, making the skin peel and swollen), and long wave (the weakest, but the strongest penetration, can enter the dermis layer).

Medium waves in intermediate mountains or suburban mountains, because of the obstruction of the terrain, are easy to be weakened, but in high mountains, invisible ultraviolet rays are often the killer of the skin, pay more attention.

When climbing, you tend to wear long pants and long sleeves, but the skin above the neck is mostly exposed, and the best protection is to wear a sun hat

The wide disc hat has the best protection, in addition to sun protection and wind, walking through the woods can keep out branches and fallen leaves cuts.

The caps still have dead ends, and the ears are often prone to sunburn.

3. Do I need a bandana?

The headscarf is a versatile piece of equipment in the mountains

[Function 1] Neck and face warmth and sun protection

[Function 2] Cover the mouth and nose and avoid direct inhalation of cold air

[Function 3] Wipe sweat

[Function 4] Bandage the wound

[Function 5] Tuck clothes into a bandana and use them as pillows

[Function 6] Girls tie their hair

4. Gloves

The function is wear-resistant and warm

Pull a rope or pass through some rough terrain to avoid hand injury, and use thinner, wear-resistant gloves for greater flexibility.

For hand warmth, it is usually best to have a function that protects against wind and warmth.

It is recommended to bring two gloves, one pair is light and thin for protection between actions, does not affect the flexibility of fingers, it is best to directly touch the screen of electronic devices, so that you do not have to wear and take off often. The other pair is thicker, wear-resistant and cold-resistant, and waterproof is a must-have for snow protection from frostbite.

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