In ancient times, the concubine was buried to block Jiuqiao.
In the five thousand years of Youyou Huaxia, Chinese culture has been standing on the stage of the world. It can be said without exaggeration that a person has a strict etiquette system from birth to death, and with the development of the times, it is constantly evolving Essence
It is worth mentioning that the ancients attached great importance to the “funeral” because of the influence of feudal culture, especially the nobles of the Wangs and Sun. They not only wanted to get rest, but also hoped that they would enjoy glory in another family.
In this case, some “means” are derived. For example, in order to ensure that the soul of the deceased is complete, the ancients would use the “nine plugs” to block the “nine tricks” of the deceased. Among them, the “eyes, ear mouth nose” we are familiar with is eight tips, so what is the ninth trick? Today, let’s talk about it.
Ancient funeral system
As we all know, because of the limitations of science and technology, people in ancient my country were more superstitious. After their death, they would live in another world. In order to ensure the prosperity and wealth in another world, the “funeral” system was from time to time.
According to historical records, the system of the Xia and Shang dynasties existed, and there was a complete funeral system system. Prior to the Qin Dynasty, the social system had always been a “slave system”, so the choice of funerals was generally slaves, and the means of funeral were quite cruel.
During the Qin and Han dynasties, perhaps because of the annual war, the country’s population was sharply reduced, and the phenomenon of funeral was eased. Provide a “template” for later power.
In the past few hundred years and thousands of years, the “alternative” funeral has been the mainstream trend, but as the ethnic minorities have entered the Central Plains, they have continued to learn Han culture, and the “funeral system” has been rehabilitated again. very common.
The emperor Zhu Yuanzhang of the Ming Dynasty was also a supporter of the “funeral system”. For example, he had a son named Zhu Xi. After Zhu Xi died, Zhu Yuanzhang let his wife and room almost burial, and sometimes even appeared ” The scene of living burial, the ending of these people is quite miserable.
When the Qing army entered the customs, the early Qing court also said that “living people were buried”, which was also influenced by the “earliest” Chinese culture. However, with the gradual deepening of Han culture learning, the phenomenon of “funeral” gradually disappeared.
During the period of Emperor Kangxi, he believed that the funeral system was too cruel, so the system was directly canceled. Although there were many funerals in the Qing Dynasty royal family, they did not have the emergence of living funerals. Of course, some of the more ancient princes and nobles still do this with the emperor, but that is just a local phenomenon.
As mentioned above, the ancient Chinese were deeply influenced by feudal culture. Even the dead burial had a complete process, and even a relatively cruel “funeral” system. However, in addition to the content mentioned above, the ancients had a “process” when they were buried.
For the poor, because the identity is relatively low, and the economic conditions are poor, their burial process is simple. However, for the rich, especially the concubines in the palace, they have some special jobs to do when they are buried, that is, to use utensils to block Jiuqiao. So, what does this so -called “nine tricks” mean?
What is “Jiuqiao”
Speaking of this, there will be another problem. Why should the ancient people block the “nine tricks” when they were buried? This answer is still: “influence of feudal culture”. In other words, the ancients believed that when the burial was buried, Jiuqiao could make the soul of the dead, and it was not dispersed by the outside world.
Another reason is to prevent corpses from rotting. For this, some emperors will use “mercury” to achieve (put a lot of mercury around the coffin).
Of course, if the number of mercury is insufficient, it will still lead to rotting the body. At this time, the “blocking nine tricks” is the most secure way. Generally speaking, men and women have the same eight tricks. They are men and women’s ears, mouth, eyes, noses, anus.
Literally, although these parts are the same as “eight tips”, the “plug” used is not the same. For ordinary people, there is no need to think about precious items at all, most of them use wood plugs.
However, for wealthy people, they are not only expensive when they live, but also the best when they die. Ordinary wealthy families may choose some gold and silver plugs, precious and not rust, and Wangsun nobles will not choose these “sub -products”.
In the eyes of the ancients, the status of jade articles is very high, and the characteristics of “cool” are also suitable for the dead souls. Therefore, the nobles of the king and the emperor, the emperor, and others. They choose this “jade”, which symbolizes status and power.
It is worth mentioning that the Yusai used when the dead was buried was very particular. Each plug had their own shapes and names, such as: Yuyu in the mouth, the eyes of the eyes, the ears are called the earplugs, the nose is called Nasal congestion, anal plug is called anal plug.
The wooden plugs are very rough, and they only need to meet the most basic requirements, and ordinary people do not have much requirements. However, the nobles of the Wangsun nobles have high requirements for Yusai. If the craftsmen are slightly worse when they are created, they are likely to be punished, and they are more likely to be asked when they violate Longwei.
It can be seen that the system of ancient funerals is still strict. Speaking of which, many people may ask: “The above mentioned” eight tips “, which part of the remaining ninth trick refers to?”
What is the ninth trick?
Through the above, the eight tips of the ears, ear, and anus are the private genitals. “Eight Qiao” is the same for men and women. This is also the commonality of men and women, but because men and women are different, there are some differences in the ninth tips.
Through some research on the tombs of the ancients, experts found that the protection of the privacy of the reproductive parts was still in place, and there were certain differences between men and women. The same thing: Whether it is men or women, their ninth tips are like a lid, which perfectly covers the privacy of the ancients, which is also respect for the deceased.
Of course, because of the difference in details, there are some differences in the shape of the “lid”. The jade congestion of the male reproductive part is generally a cylinder -like jade. In short, the shape is like a cylinder that perfectly protects the privacy of men.
Women are roughly the shape of the Triangle, and the choice of this shape is also very particular. Some modern experts believe that women’s triangular jade articles may imply women’s reproductive capabilities to some extent.
The corner of the triangle -shaped Guiyang is blunt. This shape is similar to the leaves and grass, which symbolizes the scene of the recovery of all things during the spring, and is also consistent with the concept of the women’s passage.
At the same time, Gui is also one of the six rituals in ancient China. There are many children and children, and their descendants are constantly moving. Based on this, women’s jade segments will be made into Guo.
Although the use of Yusai represents the ancients’ respect for the ancestors, and it is also in line with the cultural concept of the deceased, many people will follow. However, with the push of the times, this “system” is gradually simplified and disappeared.
Now that we have held funerals mostly from simplicity and thermalization. This cannot be said that we do not respect our ancestors, but the times are changing. “Congjian” is also in line with the theme of the times, and we believe it more.
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