If surging News reporter Chen Qian

Today is the “Winter Solstice”, the “winter solstice as big as a year” argument in the ancient folk, winter solstice is a lucky day, “Han,” said:. “Winter Solstice yang, Jun Tao long, so He” After the winter solstice, the day every day long, sun rise, recovery of all things, should celebrate. On Li Bo, a related Chinese traditional culture exhibition – “Gods hi good life – in Hua Jixiang Culture Exhibition” opens today. From the precious tiger, horse, monkey biological specimens to protected animals giant clams, a heritage Chi gilt silver plate and other three-legged deer pattern, exhibition of nearly 300 exhibits categories of nature, history, art, etc., tell the story China auspicious cultural origins and its profound impact on the development of Chinese traditional culture generated.

“Gods hi good life – in Hua Jixiang cultural exhibition” exhibition site

In traditional Chinese culture for thousands of years in the long river stretches, auspicious culture is an important tributary. Ancestors clever use of people, animals, flowers, birds, characters, etc., through metaphor, analogy, pun, homonym, a symbol and other techniques, to express their yearning for a better life auspicious.

So what does “good luck”? Chen Hanmo, deputy director of the Shanghai History Museum, explained that “Ji” is good, “Xiang” is a good symbol, and combined with the specific good and symbols, as a good symbol. A auspicious. The specific category of auspicious is more than three kinds of three, ie “Fu Lu Shou Xi Cai, Mono” Sun Shou.

Li Bo entered the Shanghai exhibition, the first pieces of tiger head biological specimen exhibits is a tiger, the collection from the Zhejiang Natural Museum. The exhibition begins with the tiger, the tiger is cut, both to meet the arrival of the Year of the Tiger Renyin, but also to reflect the current status of the survival of the tiger, the tiger to reveal the relationship between man and man and nature.


Tiger biological specimens exhibition site

In addition to tigers, spectators’ll find vivid sheep, horses, bats, monkeys, deer, tigers and other biological specimens in the exhibition hall. “In Chinese traditional culture, this kind of homonym is often expressed in this kind of homonym and the year of good life, so the animals such as sheep, monkeys, bats are also given auspicious meaning.” Chen Han Hong said. For example, there is a three-yang Kai Thai related to the sheep. If you are related to the bat, if you are related to the monkeys, if you are closing, you will have a crown with the chicken …

So, behind these auspicious words, which is auspicious? Viewers can find the answer in eleven exhibition halls.

For example auspicious beginning, “ancient ‘male’, ‘Yang’ homonyms, ‘Yang’ that is’ positive ‘;’ HO ‘is Guaming, showing winter to spring, Yin Xiao Yang, there Geehan the like’. auspicious beginning ‘means get rid of the evil, good luck to open, blessing after another. “

“Bat” homonym “fu”, thus auspicious patterns often to “bat” on behalf of “blessing, traditional culture, the bat” means “all over the blessing”, a symbol of the bat flew “into a blessing”, which is also a bat mascot.

The “monkey” and “Hou” is a homonym, from the beginning of the Tang and Song Han widely regarded as a symbol of advancement monkey mascot, is developed dignitaries, representatives of evil Hannaford; “crown” and “official” homophonic, so the “crown on the crown.” meaning “official promotion Shangguan” ……


Chenhan Hong said, expressing China’s traditional auspicious culture through the use of methods of expression is a homonym, a symbol, text, etc., to create a form of association with the auspicious image of the perfect combination. Chinese pay attention to “map will be interested in, Italy will be lucky”, it will rise even to the extent systematic.

For example, a Tang Dynasty, Gaido deer, three-foot silver dish is the first level of cultural relics in the Hebei Museum. This silver-driven type is huge, the workmanship is worried, and there is a lifelike plum flower deer. “Ganoderma deer and deer is a symbol of good fortune and Ganoderma are usually accompanied appears., Is accompanied by an enlightened ruler, Zhao appeared to be saints, Chi pattern deer pattern also represents auspicious prayer.”

In addition, we’ll find gourd, butterfly, duck, magpie, goldfish, turtles, cranes for the decorative patterns of the pattern in the exhibition …… they are also the traditional Chinese culture, the people loved mascot.

According to reports, the exhibition has changed the traditional curatorial ideas, showcasing the use of biological specimens and artistic heritage and placed side by side, revealing auspicious connotation of Chinese culture to the audience.

“Organized by the calendar Bo with the Zhejiang Natural Museum, Hebei Museum three units of cross-border cooperation, want exhibitions try to look lively, the audience a taste of the deep foundation of traditional Chinese culture in entertaining in.” Chenhan Hong said.


1, Cheng Zhang Yongkang Tigers fan page map


Cheng Zhang Yongkang Tigers fan page map

Inscription: write to Zen lights suddenly recalling record, there are two Anqian feel good. Yong Kang Bong beaming, Yao Xin Sheng Cheng Zhang. Seals: “Cheng India” (Bai India), “Yao Sheng” (Zhu India)

Cheng Zhang (1869 to 1936), the German word Zhang, No. Yao Sheng, Anhui Xiuning people, painted flowers, birds most exquisite. Traditional profound skill, refined technique and strict, but also familiar with the principle of perspective, the Senate rub Western painting techniques, maritime painting unique. This painting depicts a scene of mountains Tigers, coming from a mountain grass, sky and shouts Banwo a stone on the slope, the tiger show vigorous sweeping, hair texture tiger strong, well proportioned three-dimensional protrude.

2, 鎏 金 芝 三 三 银 银


Only shapes huge silver platter, was six Ryoka shape, every petal interior has a set of gilt flowers, gold and silver with Central Asia style, exquisite workmanship, great charm of the Tang Dynasty. There are a hub lifelike deer, head edged fungus, scattered around the four-legged.

Chi gilt silver platter three-legged deer pattern


For “deer” pass “Paul”, a symbol of wealth and salary; Ganoderma is a symbol of longevity. Deer and Ganoderma is a symbol of good fortune, is accompanied by an enlightened ruler, Zhao appeared to be saints, Chi pattern deer pattern also represents auspicious prayer. This dish has so auspicious decoration Fluke longevity.


3, Fu Lu Shou Samsung Character

Birthday Shouzhu crutches, prominent forehead; Fuxing embrace boy, Ci Meiyue head; Lu star dressed in robes, holding Ruyi. Samsung side by side, vivid, meaning Paul blessings and longevity.


Gods Samsung character statue

Fuxing initially originated the ancestors of the stars of Jupiter’s nature worship. Jupiter’s orbital period of about 11.86 years, the ancients would be divided into 12 points Sunday, called 12 times, passing Jupiter once a year, on the use of Jupiter star plays to Calendar, this is the Jupiter cycle method, popular in East Zhouzhi Han generations. Because the age of the star is closely related to the seduce farm hours, the sub-position is obtained as Fu Xing. Images after the Tang Dynasty Fuxing of metastasis, combined with real people and Taoist beliefs, gradually we are familiar with today Fuxing image.

Paul Star is the secretary in charge of the literary fortune of the gods. Han Dynasty the Big Dipper in Quebec known as the first six-star Wenchang Palace, also known as Wenchang six stars, Wenquxing, Roundabout transport, namely Division which stars Paul VI, Tang later by the evolution of the star god man of God, the most influential image of God Paul Song is attached at Zitong Zhang Yazi God, saying, “Wenchang.”


Longevity is one of the twelve star plays the same ancestors from the stars of nature worship. Antarctica Canopus is the second brightest star throughout the day, when the Han people referred birthday, the world think this star appears stable, and therefore Lici ritual to pray for life, after celebrating his birthday the same name evolved to become immortal who has become the Taoist belief system important one.

4, six Shan peach one pair made of silver


Zhang Shanxun, silver, one pair

Qing known silver artisan “Shan-six” produced a peach silver, using a hammer Xie, multi-layer welding process to Yuandiao shape, surface application is blue, green, red enamel. Appearance of peach body, the outer decorative flowers put together Interlocking perspective. Peach along the projecting ends of a cross-sectional upper and lower halves, each in contact at one week art word “life”, interword decorated with bats, circular top surface has a “life.” Peach-shaped shank proposed running deer. Xiaoxiao, Luxury, Lu, Shouyi, and ingenuity.

5, Mei Lanfang and other cooperation alongside the wealth and peace

Inscription: the rich more than the bamboo reported safety, Mei Lanfang and fill Plum title. Hui lived the peony. Huang Guiqiu uses a double-taking. Jiang Miaxiang painting bottle holder. Cheng Yuqiu painted Red Mountain Tea. Yu Shang Xiaoyun painting Biennial.


Mei Lanfang and other cooperation alongside the wealth and peace

This painting by the Mei Lanfang Beijing Opera House, Xun Huisheng, Graves of ginger myohyang, Shang Xiaoyun Cheng Yanqiu and cooperation such as drawing, the Hua Mei, bamboo, peony, camellia, Beas and Shelf is a typical desk clear for drawing, painting not for their expertise, but also painted elegant and chic, but also quite stone flavor, very rare manuscripts of many of the famous actor.


6, the hollow hi plum shoot silver tank

Xi Mei silver hollow tip jar

The body oblate spherical, circular cover, an analog button thin rod-like natural branches, connected to the lid and extending in three directions at an elongated blade, the whole is shaped like a full mature persimmon. Using multi-dimensional hollow production process, the body chisel engraved pattern, clouds, flowers, leaves, branches, flowers for the five, oval leaves. Two birds perch on flowers, should be relatively remote, composition, balance and harmony. The whole is cleverly designed, producing exquisite, relative to the actual situation, full of layers, vivid display of joy on plum shoot the picture. Combined with persimmon shape, meaning “happy event.”

7, Yaozhou Kiln “Zhao” word entangled branch peony

Yaozhou Kiln “Zhao” word entangled branch peony disk

Open arc belly ring foot, delicate hard Taizhi, fetal gray color, green glazed Quintana facilities, shiny glaze hypertrophy, shimmering in green glaze yellow, and sheet with open, air bubbles accumulated at the enamel. The inner wall leaf paper printed a week in the heart of stamping the bottom four peony flowers in full bloom, intertwined, engraved with “Zhao” word paragraph Flowers, Daisy outer wall scribe lines. Decoration layout, density has caused, significant irregularities, three-dimensional sense, is share a Yaozhou Song.

Yaozhou Kiln is one of the porcelain kilns in the north. The Song Dynasty is famous for molding and scheduling patterns. Peony is one of the typical auspicious patterns porcelain decoration, the Tang Dynasty advocating peony, gold and silver and other often decorated with peony pattern theme, Song affected people, depending on the peony flower for the rich, the prevalence of peony decorations on porcelain, after each time period long time to flourish, a large rich Takayuki meaning. This disk inherited the traditional style of Yaozhou, the stamping scored integration, skillful. This surname is credited with artifacts, handed down in Yaozhou special products as curiosities.

8, within the crystal grain Yan Yu Tiansong painted snuff bottle


Yan Yudian Song Crane Crystal Painting Nasal Tobacco Cap

Yutian Yan is famous in the late Qing Dynasty painting masters, he left a lot of tastes works, Themes involving flowers and birds, figures, landscapes, etc., especially birds known for antiquity strong, distinctive style. While this snuff bottle is made of crystal, with crane and pine common theme, modeling ancient pine, flying crane attitude Smart, together constitute the “Songhe sickness” longevity imagery. Pine is the “one hundred long wooden” Evergreen immortality, is a symbol of longevity and noble. Crane is “one hundred feathers of the case”, elegant and peaceful, is a symbol of elegance and Swiss Life. Songhe ink moist snuff scenery, fresh and elegant, meaning Songhe such as noble, Hok Ting sickness.

As the Ming and Qing dynasties scholar snuff bottle Yake daily utensils, its compact design, introduced into China since the Ming and Qing Dynasties, the gradual integration with the traditional process of development, especially in the famous painting.


9, Tridacna


It is a generic term for clam Bivalvia veneroida clam Kobe class. Whose name starts with the Han Dynasty, because of its uneven surface of the housing groove like rutting, is vividly called “car canal”, after its calcareous shell rock-solid while writing “clam.” Clam has a colorful and with a mantle of fantasy pattern, showing sea blue, green, yellow, reddish brown and other colors.


Giant clams largest existing bivalve molluscs, their average shell 1.2 meters wide, weighing up to 200 kg life for centuries. Giant clam shell component 86% calcium carbonate, which can be more than 10 cm thickness, easy to process, clean and white, since ancient times is considered treasures; is considered one “Buddhist Qibao.” Clam shell residues, after a certain number of years of geological pressure, will happen “Jade” and after cutting and polishing will be worth extraordinary jewelry.

Illegal transactions on a variety of clam shell crafts online line, clam populations in the South my country Sea in our country and therefore severely curtailed. Today, giant clams are protected animals at the national level.

“Gods hi good life – in Hua Jixiang cultural exhibition”

Exhibition time: March 13th, 2022, December 21

Venue: Shanghai History Museum

Editor: Li Mei

“Gods hi good life – in Hua Jixiang cultural exhibition” exhibition site

“Gods hi good life – in Hua Jixiang cultural exhibition” exhibition site


“Gods hi good life – in Hua Jixiang cultural exhibition” exhibition site

“Gods hi good life – in Hua Jixiang cultural exhibition” exhibition site

You might also enjoy: