The depiction of the three things in the furnace bottle in “Ladies’ Pictures”
Incense and Pinxiang are an indispensable elegant activity in the Scholars’ Zhai Pavilion. It is difficult to distinguish from the elegant life of the ancients, especially in the Ming and Qing Dynasties, whether it is romance novels, opera poems, literati poems, Dan Qingqing Painting must be a manifestation of the taste of incense; and as long as there is a “three things”.
五 “Dream of Red Mansions” fifty -three times: “There are more than ten seats on the Jianu Hall of Jia’s Flower here. “Jia Mu is crooked on the couch. Under the couch … There is only a few highs, there are elevated tadpoles, vases, incense burners and other things.”
第一 The seventy -fourth round of “Regenerative Fate” “Marry the newcomer Weng Gu Xinle” also said: three coffee tables in the furnace bottle, the middle of the Han Tongbao Ding, the gold and silver wine device adjust the disc, the tea cup is like the jade cup plate Essence The red rope is used to cover the color of the color.
Xu Wei, a scribe of the Ming Dynasty, once said: “Sitting in the middle of the year, the cigarette reward began.” During the Ming Dynasty, Pinxiang was an important art activity of scholars. It would specially plan the space for Pin incense at home, called “incense room”, or invited friends Xiang Xi Jing, called “fragrant Xi”.
Mr. Liu Liangyou’s incense room in Taipei’s home
Because of the ancients’ attention to incense activities, the fashion of using the three things in the furnace, bottle, and box was gradually emerging. The combination of this set of fragrance, the combination of furnace, bottle, and box is called “three things”, which is a must -have for incense. There are many types of furnaces in the old collection of the Qing officials, and porcelain, paint, wood, teeth, copper, enamel, etc. are very rich in making materials.
Three things in the furnace bottle, simple summary refers to the must -have incense burner, fragrant bottle, and fragrant box. In ancient times, incense was mostly fragrant, fragrant cakes, fragrant pills and the like, so it was stored with incense boxes. The incense and shovel in the fragrant bottle is a must for the spices.
It is three things, but in fact, there are five things, one incense burner, one incense box, a small bottle, a bottle in the bottle, and the shovel or the pipe.
The incense box is an appliance for filled with spices such as fragrant powder, fragrant pills, and cakes. There are many types of incense boxes. Generally, lacquer wares, porcelain, and cloisonne are used. Among them, the lacquer wares are mostly three types: carving, lacquer, and embedded screw paint, while porcelain is mostly golden.
The bottle, also known as the bottle, is used to set up the use of fragrant, shovel or citron.
In the past, some people used various lacquer bottles and porcelain bottles to flood and shovel. The most suitable is copper bottle, or Jing Tailan, because these two materials are strong and heavy, it is not easy to dump, and it can also be elegant with the incense burner.
The incense box and the bottle are generally matched with each other, or most of them are sets. Strictly speaking, the incense burner, incense box, and the bottle must be the same material. There are also people with lacquer boxes and porcelain boxes with copper furnace bottle, or a group of copper furnaces, Jingtai blue fragrant boxes and bottle, which is also a good match.
The fragrant 箸 refers to the chopsticks used when the fragrant fragrant crumbs in the furnace are burned; the shovel is used to add a small spoon to the incense burner from the incense box to the incense burner; The incense ash is flattened or the appliances used by the pattern. The above three things are all incense -burning incense. Most of them are silver or copper.
Although the three things of furnaces are important utensils for incense, there are also some utensils that are also indispensable. For example, “fireproof films” are utensils used to cover fire. Cover a layer of furnace ash on the burnt charcoal ball, put the fire on it, and put the spices on the fire, so the aroma naturally emits the aroma without producing the flavor of the smoke and dry fire.
Because the fire cannot be broken in the furnace, it is impossible to make the fire too strong, and the flavor is easy to change. Fire is generally used in gold, silver or cloud, etc. The shape and size are like copper coins. Those who are inlaid on the four sides are particularly wonderful.
“Three things of furnaces” are the same as the tedious rules of tea. There are certain requirements for furnishings. Generally, incense burners are placed in the middle, and bottle and fragrant boxes are placed on both sides of the incense burner.
The emergence of the three things of incense and furnace bottle adds a lot of elegance to the daily life of the ancients. Like the tea ceremony, Pinxiang is also a kind of extreme enjoyment pursuing the spiritual spiritual cultivation of the aristocratic Ashi. Li Yu, a drama and life artist in the late Ming and early Qing dynasties, even thought: “This non -child servant must do it.”
The Ming people Gao Yan’s “Zunsheng Eight Books” listed “Burning incense Seven Essentials”, which is for: fragrant furnace, fragrant box, furnace ash, charcoal 墼, flames of flames, spirit ash, and spoon. The most important details are “Carshica” and “Fire Sand Bar”. “Charcoal” is a block fuel made of charcoal. It burn it first, put it in the incense burner, and then use the special fine incense ash to cover the charcoal. You can contact the air and continue to burn.
Charcoal cricket refers to cylindrical fuel made of charcoal.
Then, put porcelain, cloud mother, silver leaf, sand blades, etc. on the fragrant ash, and the “fire -proof pieces” such as the “red sleeves” “add” Nixiang pills on this fire -proof film. The charcoal’s micro -fire smokes, slowly emitting the fragrance to achieve the effect of “taste fragrance, but it can not be scattered for a long time.”
“Burn incense and taste, not to smoke.” Once the fragrance is “burned”, it still needs to be observed constantly, otherwise, “If the cigarettes are strong, the fragrance is long, and it will be destroyed in an instant.” When the ancients were reading late at night, their wives observed the incense burner, debugging the temperature in the furnace, adding comfortable spices into the fast -burning incense burner, and then considerate to the husband to pour a cup of tea, sitting with themselves to do it by themselves sewing. Two people smiled relatively, and the ancients called this beautiful scene as “red sleeve and fragrant.”
Figure / Qinglu College, Internet Text / Xiangdao Organization ▎
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