◎ Promote weakness and strength
The reporter found in the survey that some places were weak in winter wheat seedlings, and the task of promoting the weakness and turns was heavier. In Yanjia Village, Huihe Street, Jiyang, the same wheat land is uneven. Some wheat seedlings have a dozen points, and some have only two or three points. The good root system is well developed, and the Miao Wang density is large, while the three types of seedlings have only two or three points, and the group is thinner. The latest survey statistics provided by the Jiyang District Agricultural and Rural Bureau showed that the current type of seedlings increased by 1.96%compared with the winter, and the three types of seedlings decreased by 5.03%compared with the winter.
◎ Field Star
During this time, Xu Zenghai was in the ground almost every day, and sometimes the classroom opened in the field, and he could come to sixty or 70 folks. The District Agricultural and Rural Bureau currently has 12 senior agronomist and 20 agronomists. How to cover more than 540,000 acres of wheat planting area with limited expert power, which has a challenge. Li Xianjuan, director of the Agricultural Technical Services Department of the District Agricultural and Rural Bureau, introduced that it is mainly combined with online and offline.
◎ Wisdom Spring Tube
At a glance, the three agricultural drones were roaring, sometimes they were turning, sometimes turning slowly. In one hour, more than 400 acres of flying defense spraying operations are equivalent to the work area of 10 villagers in the past 10 villagers. “The epidemic has to be guarded, but the farm time is delayed.” Zhang Daoli said that in order to reduce the gathering of personnel, the plant protection drone and self -walking sprayer purchased by the cooperative came in handy.
◎ Anti -disease Cordyceps
After promoting the seedlings, the next level that the wheat is going to pass is anti -pest. From the perspective of our province, rhizome diseases such as wheat stem corruption are more important than all year round. The risks of exogenous diseases and insect pests such as wheat rust and corn rust are still high. Zhang Bin, a researcher at the Institute of Crops of the Provincial Academy of Agricultural Sciences, proposed that the main problem that the current wheat production needs to solve is to improve irrigation and fertilization efficiency, especially for traditional small farmers production. In addition, through comparative tests, the transformation of traditional concepts should be accelerated, and the application of advanced production technology should be promoted.
Mai Miaoqiang Reador
□ Our reporter Li Li
It’s time for another year. Lianqi wheat fields enter the youth period. Affected by the severe autumn flood last year, wheat sowing is generally postponed for 10-15 days, and the seedlings are more complicated.
Shandong proposed that it will make every effort to do a good job in spring agricultural production and fight the battle of summer grain production. This spring, the watches in the wheat field are particularly busy. The reporter squatted Qihe County, Donga County, Jiyang District, Zhangqiu District and other places in Jinan City, and recorded the story of the first -tier spring plowing and spring tube.
Make the weak
There is a greenery in Mai Di. On the afternoon of March 14th, Yuan Bengang, the head of Jinsui Grain Planting Professional Cooperative in Hu Guantun Town, Qihe County. “Just a light rain last night, and I could work on the ground in the morning and afternoon.” Yuan Bengang said. While drinking the personnel to spray defense, he squatted down to check the emotion.
The wheat seedlings emerge from the ground, and the type of seedlings that grow well can reach twelve or three centimeters. The two types of three types of seedlings that grow in the same growth are only seven or eight centimeters. The light raining the night before, and the line of wheat seedlings “fluttered” on the loess. Compared with previous years, wheat density and division are insufficient.
Yuan Ben just squatted and pulled out the wheat seedlings from the ground to check: a better one has five or six points, and only two or three points are generally only two or three. Weeds appeared from time to time, broad -leaved weeds, noodle vegetables, etc., and wheat seedlings grabbing living space, he removed a few trees. “I have to work harder.” Yuan Ben just pulled his voice and shouted towards the operating car, turning his head and said to reporters: “Returning to the Qing up is a key node for weeding.”
In the field, a “winged” plant protection machine was busy one trip. There is a large plastic water tank behind the car, and a 14 -meter -long spray rod span the wheat field. It can spray about 300 acres of land a day. Affected by the flood of last year, the sowing period was generally postponed. Wheat seedlings are weak, and there are many types of seedlings. From the year to the year before, Yuan Ben just stayed in the ground as long as he was good, and the land of 30,000 acres of wheat fields and 2,000 acres of land transferred to the cooperatives must be managed. There are a lot of weak seedlings this year. The urgent urgentity is to achieve three types of seedlings and two seedlings and two types of seedlings in the field management through field management. “Mainly promoting, topdressing and suppression of both princes.” Yuan Bengang is the “old handle style” in the ground. From the year after the year to early March, the vast majority of wheat seedlings have been transferred to two types of seedlings.
The wheat seedlings are weak and are divided into two or three. (Reporter Li Li report)
The reporter found in the survey that some places were weak in winter wheat seedlings, and the task of promoting the weakness and turns was heavier.
In Yanjia Village, Huihe Street, Jiyang District, the same wheat land is uneven. Some wheat seedlings have a dozen points, and some have only two or three points. The good root system is well developed, and the Miao Wang density is large, while the three types of seedlings have only two or three points, and the group is thinner.
“It is much better these days. In the past 540,000 acres of wheat fields, 60%are three types of seedlings with less than 450,000 per acre group.” Xu Zenghai, a senior agronomist at the Agricultural and Rural Bureau of Jiyang District, almost “bubbles” every day. In February of Jiyang District, the technical guidance of wheat was introduced. Xu Zenghai said that when Shimoda guidance, he saw a “one needle” wheat field, and some wheat only emerged with one seedlings. The latest survey statistics provided by the Jiyang District Agricultural and Rural Bureau showed that the current type of seedlings increased by 1.96%compared with the winter, and the three types of seedlings decreased by 5.03%compared with the winter.
Qihe’s grain households Li Fuming stood in front of the wheat field and watched. He took all 245 acres of land to the Golden Suit Food Planting Professional Cooperative. Under the management of the cooperative, most of the wheat had been converted into two types of seedlings. “Save trouble and money.” Li Faming received a detailed wheat management plan from the cooperative in February: 5-7 ℃ sprayed leaf surface fertilizer, fungicide 15 yuan per acre, and 20 yuan per acre of insecticides and other pesticides The grouting period of wheat was 16.5 yuan per acre, and 60 yuan per acre was harvested and 10 yuan per mu. “What fertilizer is to be listed, and it is clear.” Li Faming was very satisfied with such custody management.
The reporter saw that this solution is like a piece of paper that is refined to the name and dosage of specific spraying drugs. Not only that, there are also custody service policies that support agricultural production. The subsidy accounts for 30%of the total service volume, and the individual of farmers only bear 70%of the cost.
“Let’s take a look at us. Do you need urea with leaf surface fertilizer?” He drove to Yanjia Village, Huihe Street, Jiyang District, and answered several phone calls along the way. Some of them guided and explained on the phone, and some directly arranged for an appointment to the scene.
In the place of Yanjia Village, Xu Zenghai did not speak, pulled up a wheat seedlings carefully, and pulled out a few carefully. “This seedlings have obvious stem -based rot, so I have to take the medicine.”
This wheat field was responsible for custody by Shandong Fengxin Agricultural Service Chain Co., Ltd., and the manager Wei Qiang listened to the experts and said so quickly. Xu Zenghai opened the outermost layer of the main stem on the spot, and pointed to the obviously yellow -brown plaques and told him: “Hold your time and prevent it early.”
“Thanks to the experts, otherwise it will be delayed.” Wei Qiang said, immediately called to report up, and informed the latest situation in the landlord’s land.
Xu Zenghai said that “new farmers” like Wei Qiang understand and adopt expert opinions, which makes the guidance work very efficient.
On January 24, the Provincial Agricultural and Rural Department issued a notice to carry out a special operation of the Winter Wheat “Scientific and Technological Miao”. The bag was guided to the end of the summer harvest.
Jinan’s “northern granary” Jiyang District moved fast. The Agricultural and Rural Bureau organized all agronomist into the field to guide. During this time, Xu Zenghai was in the ground almost every day, and sometimes the classroom opened in the field, and he could come to sixty or 70 folks.
The District Agricultural and Rural Bureau currently has 12 senior agronomist and 20 agronomists. How to cover more than 540,000 acres of wheat planting area with limited experts, which challenges the same districts and counties as Jiyang.
Li Xianjuan, Minister of the Agricultural Technology Services Department of the District Agricultural and Rural Bureau, introduced that it is mainly combined with online and offline: online lectures can be directly connected to each village, and online training is carried out through agricultural websites, government affairs websites, and Tencent conferences. Experts from the Academy of Agricultural Sciences and Agricultural University. Offline guidance mainly trains the person in charge of large grain, hosting service agencies, cooperatives, family farms, etc., and then promote the spring management technology. After expert technical guidance and timely suppression of topdressing, the current three types of weak seedlings in Jiyang District have rapidly decreased.
Li Xianjuan said that the experts guided in the field also found some new situations and problems. Recently, the price of chemical fertilizers has risen. Some farmers use leaf fertilizer instead of urea to save money, or choose some low nitrogen -containing chemical fertilizers. The rise in chemical fertilizer prices has led to an increase in planting costs. In response to the new situation, Jiyang strengthened the supervision of the agricultural capital market and opened up the channels for the circulation of agricultural capital.
Qihe County proposed to strive to achieve the goal of “one thousand pounds of yield per mu” in summer grains, implement “secretary, account management, and precise policy”, and establish a “three -person and four packs” working mechanism. , A cadre and a technician of Baocun, a technical personnel, include technology, agricultural capital, supervision, and transformation.
In the Qingyuan Family Farm in Nijiaodian Town, Donga County, Liaocheng, most of the thousands of acres of wheat seedlings were turned from three types of seedlings to two types of seedlings. Zhang Qing finally showed a smile. In early March, most of her houses still belong to three types of seedlings, and the group is relatively sparse. Zhang Qing said that thanks to the expert group to guide. Xu Kaijie, an associate researcher at the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, supported and pursued nitrogen fertilizer to promote seedlings. At the beginning of that, more than 800 acres of wheat seedlings managed by Zhang Qing ushered in the largest -scale suppression. After suppression, wheat seedlings have improved significantly.
During the interview, Huang Xujia, the head of the Agricultural Technology Promotion Station of Dong’e County Agricultural and Rural Bureau, was guiding the work in the subcontracting town. He introduced that Twenty -person technical guidance teams have been established in Donga County to distribute spring management technical measures to understand paper. They also use radio and television, online WeChat, agricultural technology promotion APP and other methods to organize experts to carry out online training, online guidance, and online questions.
“Four divisions of nine take root, and the total of the total stems of 640,000, which belongs to one type of seedlings. In the future, as long as the scientific fertilizer and water management is strengthened, there is no major disaster in the later period, and the harvest is not a problem.” Wangcun, agricultural technical expert Wang Daoyuan evaluated the situation of weak seedlings on the spot, guided the precautions for spring management in the later period, and gave the villagers a “reassinual pill”. At this time, the village villages rang again, and repeatedly played the technical opinions of the spring wheat field management.
The Agricultural and Rural Bureau of Zhangqiu District launched the “Hundred Agricultural Experts to Go to the Countryside”. At present, the transformation and upgrading of seedlings is faster. The wheat fields are green and winter, and the first or second types of seedlings have reached 90%.
It is reported that all kinds of agricultural technicians in the province are currently sinking for 167,000 guidance services.
Wisdom spring tube
The spring breeze brushed through the wheat seedlings, and in the field of Da Wang Village, Yuanzhuang Town, Wen Shangxian County, Zhang Daoli, the chairman of the Taoist Cooperative, was talking about the growth of Mai Miao with the folks.
At a glance, the three agricultural drones were roaring, sometimes they were turning, sometimes turning slowly. In one hour, more than 400 acres of flying defense spraying operations are equivalent to the work area of 10 villagers in the past 10 villagers.
The staff of Jinsui Grain Planting Professional Cooperatives in Qihe County are driving the herbicides to spray the plant protection machine. (Reporter Li Li report)
“The epidemic has to be guarded, but the farm time is delayed.” Zhang Daoli said that in order to reduce the gathering of personnel, the plant protection drone and self -walking sprayer purchased by the cooperative came in handy.
“A self -walking high -ground spray rod sprayer, the wingspan is 10 meters long, and can operate 500 acres a day. The use of advanced agricultural machinery avoids the gathering of crowds, saving time and effort and saving money.” Zhang Daoli said.
At noon on March 15th, there were still many customers who had just arrived in Jinnongnong Machinery Co., Ltd. in Quti Town, Jiyang District, and hoped to purchase a suppression all -in -one machine. The pressure of the suppressor town is 1.7 meters-2.2 meters wide, the quality of the whole machine is 800 kg, and the working efficiency is 15 acres to 20 acres per hour.
Yan Xuefeng, the person in charge of Jinnong Agricultural Machinery Company, pointed to the suppression machine parameters, and he was a bit surprised by the hot sales of the suppression machine this year. “This is not the case in previous years. This year, there have been more than a dozen suppression machines.”
Corporation is a conventional practice of Chundian management, but due to the influence of the flood and precipitation this winter last year, the soil is better and the soil water is sufficient. Absorb the water of the deep soil, which is conducive to root growth. Yan Xuefeng had done experimental comparison, and the roots of the wheat seedlings that had been suppressed have increased significantly, and some new roots of white hair were sent out.
“Suppression is also the first technology of wheat field management in the spring of this year.” Yan Xuefeng introduced that the tall suppression machine of this human character rubber tire will not be harmed after the suppression, and the soil is more compact.
“The suppression does not engage in ‘one -size -fits -all’, and the efforts of suppression and the way to suppress must be determined according to the emotion.” Zhang Qing said. Due to sowing, Zhang Qing had a deep turn of 800 acres of land, and the suppression was more conducive to rooting down the wheat root system. “The deeper, the stronger the Mai Gen is tied.”
Zhang Qing has been using suppression technology two years ago. Combined with the characteristics of high local red land, Zhang Qing has made several suppression machines through improvement. In front is the tractor head traction machine, and there is a roller similar to a stone crusher behind the back. The concrete and slate are equipped inside.
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Anti -disease Cordyceps
“Dip fluoride sulfurizer+two methalotrophic esters per acre …” Yuan Bengang’s small book records this year’s return to the youth to prevent the field of broad -leaf weeds, wheat -proof blight, soup -proof basis , Spraying plan for promoting Zhuang seedlings.
The wheat seedlings in the ground are green. Looking at some leaves have a circle of yellow edges. Looking open the inside, the bottom of the rhizome has yellow -brown plaques, which is quietly consumed the nutrition of growth.
After promoting the seedlings, the next level that the wheat is going to pass is anti -pest.
From the national forecast, the major food and insect pests in the grain in 2022 are retracted, and the area of occurrence will increase significantly, which may pose a threat to grain production. From the perspective of our province, rhizome diseases such as wheat stem corruption diseases are more important than usual. The risks of exogenous diseases and insect pests such as wheat rust and corn rust are still high. The probability of emergencies and insect pests increased in local rear, and conventional diseases and insect pests are increasing.
The Provincial Agricultural and Rural Department carried out the “two increases and two reductions” insects to seize food to promote harvest. “Two increases and two reductions”, that is, increase the control of control, green prevention and control, and reduce the loss of diseases and insects, and the amount of chemical pesticides.
“It is expected that the total area of wheat diseases and insect pests in the province will occur more than 160 million acres in 2022.” According to our province’s prediction, wheat aphids are heavy to large, and the occurrence area of about 50 million mu; the incidence of stem -based rot is expected to exceed 14 million acres; The occurrence of wheat spiders, tattoos, and powdery pink diseases is more important than all year round. The area is expected to occur with 20 million acres, 21 million acres, and 18 million mu, respectively.
Zhang Bin, a researcher at the Institute of Crafts Research of the Provincial Academy of Agricultural Sciences, went to Linyi, Heze and other places from March 10th to 11th to check the wheat seedlings and soil. He also found a problem. The risk of pests and insect pests is high; there are also high temperatures in individual places, fast plant growth and development. Pay attention to preventing the cold spring of spring; there are also places with large amounts of straw to return to fields, poor overall quality, and soil. Turn, chemical weeding in a timely manner should be performed in a timely manner.
Regarding the harvesting issue, Zhang Bin thinks that you don’t have to worry too much. Although the sowing period was postponed for more than ten days to a month last year, the wintering period was delayed for more than ten days during the winter, which is equivalent to increasing the growth time of more than ten days. And because the wintering period is not very cold, the soil humidity is large, no watering is required for the return of youth, the ground temperature rises rapidly, and wheat growth and development are faster. Although the germination rate of some seeds was affected last year, the germination rate of some seeds was affected, but because the amount of sowing is generally increased, wheatliform seedlings are guaranteed.
Zhang Bin proposed that the main problem that the current wheat production needs to solve is to improve irrigation and fertilization efficiency, especially for traditional small farmers. Because irrigation and fertilization methods are relatively extensive, it is difficult to improve the efficiency of fertilization and irrigation, which is time -consuming and laborious. In addition, through comparative tests, the transformation of traditional concepts should be accelerated, and the application of advanced production technology should be promoted.
During the interview, some villagers proposed whether to improve the varieties, preferably suitable late -broadcast varieties, and make up for the shortcomings of Wheat Warbers. According to Zhang Bin, most of the half -winter wheat varieties are commonly planted in Shandong, such as Jimai 22 and other varieties such as good freezing resistance, slow development before winter, not large wheat seedlings, and they are busy. Speed up, suitable for large -scale planting in normal years; while Jimai 44 and other semi -winter -colored spring varieties have strong early hair properties, grow faster in spring, and are more suitable for planting in areas with high night broadcasting and high temperatures. The wheat production area is more of Jimai 44.
Lu Jianhua, a promotion researcher at the Provincial Seed Management Station, introduced that with the continuous improvement of seed quality in recent years, the varieties with high yield, high quality, disease resistance and drought resistance have been promoted in our province. You can also ensure the number of ears acres.
Recently, Shandong Province’s finances coordinated 800 million yuan in agricultural production disaster relief and agricultural production development funds, which were specially used to support the “one spray and three defenses” of wheat and pursuing the return of green fertilizer. Shandong has formulated a plan for use of funds, requiring localities to quickly formulate implementation plans, and to purchase pharmacy and fertilizers early. At the same time, localities are required to increase support for funds, strengthen the supervision of supporting agricultural funds, and maximize the efficiency of funds.
Qihe County, which is “Yellow River Grain Capital”, has also increased policy support. The county finance has more than 100 million yuan in special funds for agricultural machinery subsidies and technical promotion. Subsidies such as “three defense” such as “key links. The county has a total of 50,000 tons of fertilizers and a contract purchase of 10,000 tons. It is supplied at any time according to demand to meet the dosage of spring. In response to the collection and storage of food in the later period, Qihe invested 500 million yuan to build 16 dry towers and supporting granaries. After the completion of all at the end of April, the scale of grain reserves will reach 190,000 tons, and the daily drying capacity will exceed 10,000 tons to ensure that the particles return to the position.
Yuan Ben has been running for agricultural infrastructure a while ago. Although 40%of high -standard farmland, 60%of the hosting land still has shortcomings in infrastructure, hoping to make up as soon as possible. Then there is the problem of power through the agricultural manhole. In recent years, the number and quality of agricultural machine wells have increased and improved. However Water water.
■ Reporter Notes
Chundian Management “Four Questions”
□ Our reporter Li Li
“The ground is not frozen, just species”, “A needle of wheat before winter, the output of 800 pounds in the coming year” … This is a folk proverb circulating in folk. During the sowing last year, Shandong was influenced by rare autumn floods, and a rare “one needle” and “cover in the soil” appeared in Maidi. Faced with complex seedlings, thousands of agricultural technical experts rushed to various places to guide Chuntian management.
“I take the co -pilot so that I can be interviewed on the way.” In the early morning of March 15th, the reporter drove to the senior agronomist Xu Zenghai, a senior agronomist in Jiyang District, Jinan City. , Can only be done on the road.
Xu Zenghai was 53 years old, and he was tall and thin. He ran around the farmland all year round, and his skin was dark. Speaking of wheat field management, his voice has also improved, and his state is like dozens of farmers in the ground.
Regarding whether the wheat worried about the farmers can harvest this year, Xu Zenghai has comprehensively judged from the number of ears, soil, and this year’s weather conditions, and has confidence in the bumper harvest of the property.
Everywhere, Xu Zenghai will share his views on the farmers while teaching the spring tube technology. After listening to the experts, everyone was like “Xin Xin Wan”.
This is not Xu Zenghai’s personal point of view, but the collective wisdom of agricultural experts. Xu Zenghai and colleagues have to judge Miaoqing every week. They are both agricultural technology exporters and inputs of agricultural information. They kept collecting and summarizing the most concerned issues at the moment, and tried to find answers.
Why is Miaoqing so complicated this year?
In the interview, the reporter saw the same block, a few steps away, and some were divided into better types of seedlings, and some were three types of seedlings of sparse and sparse. Xu Zenghai’s on -site analysis and comparison believes that due to the different harvesting time of different plots, some plots are obviously low -lying and poor drainage, which will be delayed, and the seedlings are naturally weaker. In this regard, Xu Zenghai believes that it is mainly because the plot is different and the quality of the whole land is different. Therefore, it is particularly important for installments to divide the seedlings. This is why agricultural technical experts this year are particularly busy. Chun Tian management cannot be “one -size -fits -all.”
Why is it difficult to promote the promotion of wheat suppression technology?
The suppression after wheat broadcasting is an effective measure to improve the quality of seedlings and wheat frost resistance. Competitive machinery is the primary condition for promoting and suppressive technology. The reporter learned in the interview that some large-scale cooperatives increased the procurement of the suppressor, and the suppression service per mu was 8-10 yuan. At present, wheat suppression machinery has not been included in the agricultural machinery subsidy directory, it is difficult to promote the technology of wheat suppression.
How to achieve the ideal effect of wheat pursuit?
There is a fertilizer planting protection machine in Yanjia Village, Huihe Street, Jiyang District. Due to the faster increase in chemical fertilizers, in order to save costs, some farmers’ purchased fertilizer has insufficient nitrogen content and it is difficult to achieve the effect. Experts suggest that the construction of agricultural infrastructure such as water conservancy should be continuously improved according to wheat seedlings and water demand.
How can wheat stem corruption prevent problems?
Wheat -based corruption is one of the main diseases of diseases and insect pests in recent years. In 2021, the basis of the foundation of wheat stem corruption in Jiyang has reached 200,000 mu. Farmers have a preliminary understanding of wheat stem corruption disease, but the prevention and treatment of wheat stem -based corruption disease is not enough. When the wheat stems are concentrated, the best prevention period is missed. Experts suggest to continue the implementation of wheat breeding subsidy projects. Within a certain area (in district and county), choose anti -frozen, disease -resistant, high -yield, and high -quality varieties, choose high -quality and high -efficiency potions for seed coats to enhance the pests of diseases and pests in wheat seedlings stage ability. Increase the efforts of crop disease and insect pest control, give full play to the role of professional prevention and control organizations and large -scale plant protection machinery, effectively carry out prevention and control work, and achieve accurate medication.
With the “four questions” managed by wheat fields, Xu Zenghai hurriedly had lunch in a fast food restaurant and ran to another wheat field.