丨Start work in the New Year, let’s drip tea! 丨
▲ Chaoshan gongfu tea. Photo: “The Story of Tea and a Leaf”
– Fengmono-kun –
Gongfu tea for Chaoshan people
Just like spicy hot pot to Sichuanese people
Barbecue grills for Northeasterners
Chaoshan is the general name of Chaozhou, Shantou, and Jieyang. Presumably, you have already learned from the jokes on the Internet that Chaoshan people drink tea while going to heaven and earth.
▲ Running a marathon also requires drinking gongfu tea. Photo: weibo@ Lin Peiman
In Chaoshan , some people will ask “Can thin people drink gongfu tea normally?” “Such a question. In Chaoshan , someone will install a tea table next to the cab, drive steadily, drink tea steadily, and give you stable happiness.
▲ Chaoshan people’s dedication to tea is to create conditions without conditions. Photo: weibo@ An old driver _Dang
Why do Chaoshan people love tea so deeply?
Kung Fu Tea? Still is
For outsiders, the word “Kung Fu” is an authentic interpretation of Chinese tea, and the tricks of brewing tea seem to have charm.
But for Minnan and Chaoshan provinces, two regions that traditionally produce oolong tea, the dialect only says “
▲ Taiwanese tea ceremony. Photo: “Blood Guanyin”
Chaoshan people are Fujianese who are eaten into the stomach by Cantonese people.
Because the people of Fujian migrated to Chaoshan in history, the two local dialects are rough
In the two dialects, “gong” is pronounced gāng, which is used to describe time, and the word “gongfu” means to do things carefully and carefully.
▲ A farmer’s home in Anxi County, Fujian Province, is making the traditional oolong tea “Golden Gui”. Figure/Bug·Creative
At the beginning, Chaoshan people drank tea from Fujian. In the middle and late Ming dynasties, oolong tea, a semi-fermented tea, was created. Compared with black tea, green tea and other tea varieties, its aroma is the most significant. As the main producing area of oolong tea, the Wuyi Dahong Pao and Anxi Tie Guanyin produced in Fujian are familiar to the people of the whole country.
In order to bring out the aroma of oolong tea, the ancients painstakingly created a series of brewing techniques, which became the early years.”
This set of moves was first popular in the Wuyi region of northern Fujian, and then spread to southern Fujian and Chaoshan provinces.
▲ Clear small teacup. Photo: Boshan Tea House
Throw the Min tea in a pot, cover it and pour it all over it, and then pour it over. The smell is strong, more clear than chewing plum blossoms…
During the Qianlong to Jiaqing period, Yu Jiao, a native of Zhejiang, came to Guangdong to serve as a “classic history”, and described Gongfu tea above in “Chaojia Fengyue”, which is obviously saying that Chaoshan people drink Fujian tea.
The smell is strong, and the Chaoshan phoenix is single
Not only drink Fujian tea, Chaoshan people have their own tea.
To the north of Chaoshan Mountain, the peaks of the Phoenix Mountain District, which stretch for hundreds of miles, have become a screen that blocks the connection between Chaoshan and the north. The unique water and soil of Phoenix Mountain have created the characteristics of the overbearing aroma of oolong tea here. This is it”
Phoenix single plexus
“The meaning of the phoenix.
▲ Phoenix Mountain surrounded by water mist. Photo/Visual China
Chaoshan people pursue refinement, which can be seen from tea. During the reign of Tongzhi and Guangxu of the Qing Dynasty,
In order to drink better local tea, Chaoshan people have come up with a surprising trick – single tea trees are picked, made and sold individually
, which is why the name “single plex” is given. It is precisely because of the difference in “personality” between trees that there is a difference
Zhilan, honey orchid, magnolia, as well as night incense, pomelo flower, ginger blossom, and the “notorious” duck poop fragrance. Now the production technology is improved, no longer limited to one tea tree, but can copy the flavor of a single tea tree and plant, so that multiple harvested tea is also called “phoenix single conglomerate”. Those that are still made in ancient ways will be labeled as “single ancient tree and single bush”.
▲ Ancient tea trees on Phoenix Mountain. Photo: A big bite of food list
In the Teochew dialect, tea is called “tea rice”
, you can understand that Teochew people love tea, and tea is as important as rice. And this
, is the local “home-made style”.
▲ A single ancient tree in a tin can is expensive. Photo: A big bite of food list
Tea is poured seven points full, leaving three points is love
Just as every household in Chengdu has a mahjong table, Chaoshan people must have a pair of tea sets. No matter how magnificent the tea set at home is, it can’t bypass the word “small”.
▲ Small but beautiful Chaoshan gongfu tea set. Photo: Boshan Tea House
Chaoshan people mostly use very small Mengchen pots or lid bowls to make tea, the large ones are easy to loose and the small ones are fragrant; The teacup should also be small, the body size is like half a soldier’s ball, and the tea is not left in one sip.
In Chaoshan , drinking tea is not so practical to quench your thirst, but to care about the interaction between the small cup and the tea customer, the tea customer and the host
, which also perfectly illustrates the saying “if you don’t drink tea hard, you will have no friends and no business to do”.
▲ Tea tasting on the street, beautiful and nourishing. Photo: Boshan Tea House
Gongfu tea generally has only three cups, regardless of how many people are seated. Three mouthfuls of finished products, good tea needs to spend effort (time) to taste slowly, three teacups are also exquisite, two teacups are too little, four are too much, three are just right, the main purpose is to be humble, the general elders drink first, the younger generation next round; If you are all your peers, you will generally give in to each other and wave your hand to signal you to drink first.
After each round of drinking of gongfu tea, the Chaoshan people responsible for making tea will use piping hot boiling water and tea tweezers to scald and wash the three tea cups, especially the place where the cups meet along the mouth, which is equivalent to high temperature sterilization, and you can drink it with confidence.
The locals say “eat nuá and burn Kanghang”, the translation of the style is that Chaoshan people go out, drink a cup of tea and take pictures of each other, the literal translation is:
After eating each other’s saliva, we will care about each other.
From this point of view, there is a true love in tea.
▲ Third, it is the standard number of Chaoshan gongfu teacups. Photo: Geography of tea sources
The moves of gongfu tea can be summarized in sixteen idioms. Oolong enters the palace by using a teaspoon to pluck tea leaves into a teapot; The hanging pot is to inject boiling water into the pot; Rewashing the fairy face is to pour out the first brew of tea, in the local dialect
“Heads and feet, two tea leaves”
In the past, Chaoshan people believed that tea was stepped on with their feet, and it was inevitable to be contaminated with impurities, so the first brewing function was to clean.
▲ The traditional oolong tea “Golden Gui” made in Anxi County, Fujian Province, hand and foot in battle. Figure/Bug·Creative
Guan Gong patrol city and Han Xin point troops are the classic tricks of Chaoshan Gongfu tea.
The brewing pot “circuits” between the three teacups until each teacup is seven points full, which is called “Guan Gong Patrol City”. The emphasis here is on the equal concentration of each cup and focusing on fairness, rather than pouring one cup first and then pouring a second.
▲ Pour tea back and forth. Photo: “The Story of Tea and a Leaf”
A small teapot is just enough for three cups, and the Yujin in the pot needs to be dripped into the three cups little by little, which is “Han Xin Dian Bing”. The tea color and amount of tea in the three teacups are even, that is the skill of the “old driver”.
▲ Not a drop can fall. Photo: “The Story of Tea and a Leaf”
It is interesting, like the gathering of heroes in Zhao Lirong’s sketches, which is actually the good name of “radish meeting”. The sixteen idioms are just used to bluff the layman, and the real Chaoshan people will not pay attention to every word, but that set of tea serving actions has long been written into their genes from childhood and applied in daily life.
▲ Photo/”So Packaged”
And drink life in one fell swoop
To accuse a person of wanting to do good deeds but backfire, Chaoshan people will say “fake force to wash tea residue”.
“Force” means diligence, and if you wash away the precious tea stains that have accumulated in the teapot, you have done something irreparable.
▲ Chaoshan refreshments, green onion sugar pancakes. Figure/Bug·Creative
Not only can you hear the saying, the status of tea in Chaoshan life can be seen and tasted. A local friend in Chaoshan said:
Chaoshan people don’t want to work from 9 to 5, they value doing whatever they want
, so choose to do business. They sleep until they wake up naturally in the morning, go to the street market to do some small business, and after making money, they go to familiar tea shops and buy phoenix dancong to drink. Take a nap at noon, and you can go to the waves at night without working overtime. Such freedom can only be obtained by doing business.
▲ After dinner, the owner of the restaurant sat at the door and drank gongfu tea. Photo: Ear Dongchen
Chaoshan gongfu tea and Chaoshan sacrifice seem cumbersome to outsiders, but isn’t this just the “sense of ritual” that we lack in our daily life? Some people are busy and forget life itself, but in the eyes of Chaoshan people
Work should be the path to a comfortable life, not putting the cart before the horse
, so they are willing to spend time for tea and willing to spend time for friends and loved ones.
▲ Chaoshan red peach kueh with gongfu tea. Photo: Ear Dongchen
If you want to make changes in the new year, it is better to learn to drink tea from Chaoshan people first.
Wen 丨 million
Phoenix single plexus
Phoenix single plexus