When it comes to rice paper and calligraphy and painting paper, the concept of most people is: rice paper is a kind of expensive high -end calligraphy and painting paper. Calligraphy and calligraphy paper is a low -cost ordinary calligraphy and painting paper. Xuan paper is generally used for calligraphy and painting. The practice paper for the first entry of paintings and calligraphy is that they have ink absorption. In addition, people’s substantive differences in the two are not very different.

In real life, in order to make profits, some illegal manufacturers have covered low -end calligraphy and painting paper marks to deceive consumers. Many consumers have been deceived.

书画家必备 什么是宣纸?宣纸比书画纸好在哪?

Although there are similar places and calligraphy and painting paper, there are essential differences between the two. It is mainly reflected in four aspects: one is the ingredients of the raw material; the other is the production process; the third is the effect of use; the fourth is the preservation time. Aware of the difference between them can be correctly identified and used.

First look at the rice paper:

1. Raw material ingredients

The raw material structure of rice paper is green sandalwood peel and grass. This raw material ratio has followed for nearly a thousand years, and it remains unchanged. The production process of rice paper is divided into two stages: raw materials and paper production. The characteristics of raw materials are the specialty of the production cycle, which is not tireless. Tanpi and straw should be soaked in mountain spring water, soaked, cooked, selected, exposure, and natural processing such as sun and rain, exposed and bleaching, etc., every green sandalwood peel and each straw are white as cotton. Soft and tough, the raw material production party is over. It takes 8-10 months in only the term. It can be said that the uniqueness of rice paper lies in its unique raw materials. The difficult and complexity of raw materials is beyond the imagination of ordinary people. It is not easy for each piece of rice paper to see.

2. Manufacturing process

The production process of paper has maintained traditional manual operations since the Tang Dynasty: adopting bamboo curtain filtering and copying method for paper fishing, drying and drying paper with firewalls, and manually unveiled drying paper. When making rice paper of the second, sixth, Zhang Eight, and two-year, it can also display the exquisite and original creation of rice paper operation technology. 8-16 people fish for paper. There is a tacit understanding, coordination in hand, both careful, calm and decisive. If a person has a little loss, it will cause the consequences of abandonment.

The appearance of the rice paper is very common, but it has rich connotations. Its legendary color has always paid attention to people from all walks of life. For example, a large number of calligraphy and calligraphy artists such as Liu Haisu, Yin Shi Shi, Wu Zuoren, and Li Keran, regardless of their weakness and long journey, make a special trip to learn about the production process of Xuan paper. So, you must take a look in your lifetime. On the one hand, I wish to express our gratitude to the Masters of Xuanzhuan. They were glad to write, and they inscribed inscriptions and painting, and they lamented the hardships of rice paper. They praised the excellent wonder of rice paper, and they were indeed a national treasure.

Third, use effect

The reason why Xuan paper is favored by painters and painters is that it has other paper categories that cannot be compared with ink. Mission paper is made of special craftsmanship and special raw materials, so it has the effect of adsorption of silence and diffusion ink. Especially in the era of writing brushes, the use of rice paper is limited to high society. Because its production cycle is too long, the cost is expensive, and the output cannot meet the needs of the whole society at all.

The ink effect of rice paper is mainly reflected in: First, the ink is well -proportioned, whether it is rewriting or lightly, it can display a clear level. When painters and painters are drawing landscapes, this “ink divide five colors” layered sense highlights the highlighting. It is particularly obvious. The second is that several strokes are intersecting, leaving pen marks; at the intersection of the pen marks, it is dense, which can fully display the artistic conception of the painting and produce the three -dimensional effect of the work. The thick ink is dark and bright, light ink but not gray. Calligraphers walk away from the dragon snake on the rice paper, whether they can make a cursive script, or the meticulous crickets. Not only that, after the ink is in the ink, because its own green sandalwood skin fiber is evenly distributed, it does not contain impurities, it does not deform, does not arouse, and does not stand up. It has stability.

Fourth, save time

The durability of rice paper is also determined by its own raw material characteristics. The reason is that after repeated lime immersion, cooking, and long -term sun rain dew bleeding, the chemical reactions tend to stabilize. The wood of the worm has been eliminated. The tough fiber of Green Tanpi makes the paper strong and durable. Now preserved the art treasures, ancient books, literatures, and scores of the paintings and calligraphy arts.

Painting and calligraphy paper is just an ordinary paper with ink moisturizing characteristics. Whether it is its raw material ingredients, the production process, use effect and rice paper are not the same.

Since the 1980s, with the development of socio -economic and the improvement of people’s living standards, people’s spiritual and cultural demand has increased day by day, and calligraphy and painting paper has emerged. The main producing areas of calligraphy and painting paper are Zhejiang Fuyang, Guangxi Dunan, Sichuan Jiajiang, Qian’an, Hebei, and Xixian County, Anhui. At first, the raw materials of calligraphy and painting paper were varied. There were dragon -bearded grass pulp, wood pulp, bamboo pulp, waste pulp, etc. The quality of calligraphy and painting paper was uneven. Later, painting and calligraphy paper gradually adopted the dragon -whispered grass slurry produced by Hubei and Henan as raw materials. Now the annual output of calligraphy and painting paper is only more than 5,000 tons in one place.

Dragon Beard is a wild herb. Every year on the fall of the leaves every year, when the dragon mustard is harvested, the farmers of the agricultural leisure will be sold as a sideline and sold the harvest of the dragon’s grass and sell it for a paper mill for economic income. Paper manufacturers make dragon beard grass into pure dried pulp boards, and then sell them to various places to make calligraphy and painting paper or cultural paper. The process of dried beard grass, like wheat straw, is operated by crushing, beating, bleaching, drying, etc., and the machine flows. It only takes two to three days from the grass. The slurry process of the dragon’s grass is simple and strengthened. Therefore, its miscellaneous cells and miscellaneous substances will inevitably affect the paper. Because the nature of the dragon’s grass is softer, after being made into a pulp, it will be dissolved quickly as long as it is soaked in water. After the calligraphy and painting paper manufacturers buy back the pulp, soak it from the slurry plate into a paste, and use the slurry machine to evenly use it to copy them. Similarly, it only takes three days to make calligraphy and painting paper from the slurry plate. From the dragon’s grass to the calligraphy and painting paper, the whole process is only about five days.

As for the moisturizing performance of calligraphy and painting paper, it is exactly its own easy -to -dissolve characteristics. Compared with rice paper, the form of ink of calligraphy and painting paper is manifested as: irregular, uneven; no layers, just penetrate blindly. Painting and calligraphy is used to practice more calligraphy. If it is used to practice painting, it is not ideal enough. The characteristics of paper limited the user’s ideas and imagination. The most important point is that in terms of anti -aging and durability of paper, compared with the “Mo Yun Qiu Qiu” of rice paper, calligraphy and calligraphy paper cannot be seen. Its saving life is only for decades. If it is improperly kept, it will fade and worm in a short time. In the mid -1980s, the works created by calligraphy and painting paper have now been unrecognizable, have severe fading, surrounded by insects, and the ink color has also been grayed.

So, how to identify rice paper and calligraphy paper without instruments?

书画家必备 什么是宣纸?宣纸比书画纸好在哪?

The first is to distinguish the naked eye.

Pick up the paper and look at the bright perspective, you will find that there are cloud -like silk on the rice paper. These silk -like objects are sandalwood fiber; To 10 2-3 mm long). The calligraphy and painting paper made of Dragon Fragrant Cao is not only available. Relatively speaking, it is too white.

The second is ink method.

书画家必备 什么是宣纸?宣纸比书画纸好在哪?

Use a pen to draw the four kinds of ink marks of light, light, thick, and thick in the same place, and observe the ink effect of the paper. If it is a rice paper, it can clearly display the pen marks and layers, and the calligraphy and painting paper appears blurred at the stack of the pen marks. Especially after the adsorption and thick ink, the paper will break due to the poor fiber. There are generally many methods when identifying paper, and professionals often use two recognition methods. Of course, the most secure way is to recognize trademarks.

The third is the tearing method.

Tear the discharge of rice paper and calligraphy and painting paper along the vertical direction. The rice paper presents a very obvious double layer. The width that is unveiled is 2-3 cm, and the calligraphy and painting paper is a single layer, which is not obvious even if there is. Because the rice paper is made of tough fiber, the tornness is much stronger than that of calligraphy and painting paper.

At the same time, the proportion of rice paper is classified according to the raw material ratio: it can be divided into three categories: cotton, net skin, and special net. Generally speaking, cotton is a paper with a sandalwood content of about 40%, which is thinner and lighter; pure skin refers to the sandalwood content of more than 60%; while the content of Terpi raw materials has a sandalwood content of more than 80%or more Essence The heavier the leather ingredients, the more the paper can withstand the tensile force, and the better the quality; the corresponding use effect is: the higher the sandalwood ratio, the more reflecting the rich ink level and the better ink moisturizing effect. Repeated rubbing without damage. This may be one of the reasons why calligraphy with cotton material paper and painting paper for painting paper. Essence The calligraphy and painting industry generally believes that it is used in calligraphy, cotton material is better than pure skin, and is used for painting. Clean skin is better than cotton material.

书画家必备 什么是宣纸?宣纸比书画纸好在哪?

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